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Title:NAČELO PRIMARNOSTI V PRAKSI SODIŠČA EVROPSKE UNIJE IN USTAVNIH SODIŠČ DRŽAV ČLANIC
Authors:Drnovšek, Maja (Author)
Ferčič, Aleš (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Jamnik_Maja_2015.pdf (703,08 KB)
MD5: 6FF5B99C344FD947113C399344A474D0
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:S pristopom v Evropsko unijo in prevzemom evropskega pravnega reda so se ustavna sodišča držav članic soočila s pravnim sistemom, ki je postal inherenten del njihovih pravnih sistemov in zavezuje njihova sodišča. S prenosom izvrševanja dela svojih suverenih pravic na EU so države članice med drugim priznale primarnost pravnega reda EU. Zastavlja pa se vprašanje, kakšna je vloga nacionalnih sodišč v razmerju do prava EU. Primarni položaj prava EU v razmerju do izvorno nacionalnega prava, vključno z nacionalnim ustavnim pravom, velja za temeljno načelo prava EU, ki pomeni, da načeloma v primeru neskladja med pravom EU in nacionalnim pravom prevlada pravo EU. Kljub temu, da je v veljavi že več kot petdeset let, načelo primarnosti v pravu EU še danes ni pozitivnopravno urejeno. Vendar dejstvo, da ni izrecno vključeno v Pogodbo nikakor ne spreminja obstoja tega načela in sedanje sodne prakse Sodišča EU. V obdobju po vzpostavitvi je bilo načelo primarnosti deležno precejšnje pozornosti ne le s strani EU, temveč tudi v nekaterih državah članicah, ki tovrstne (neomejene) primarnosti niso sprejemale. Kljub temu so nacionalna sodišča doktrino na splošno sprejela, čeprav z nekaterimi ustavnimi zadržki. Medtem ko je Sodišče EU izhodišče načela pripisalo avtonomni, sui generis naravi evropskega pravnega reda, so ga nacionalna sodišča večinoma utemeljevala na ustavnopravni podlagi. Bistvo načela primarnosti je v zagotovitvi enotne in učinkovite uporabe prava EU v vseh državah članicah. V tem kontekstu ne smemo zanemariti ključne vloge nacionalnih sodišč, ki zahteva ustrezen napor za prilagoditev pravnemu okolju EU.
Keywords:pravo EU, uporaba prava EU, načelo primarnosti, sodna praksa, Sodišče EU, ustavna sodišča, razmerje med pravom EU in nacionalnim pravom
Year of publishing:2015
Publisher:[M. Jamnik]
Source:Maribor
UDC:341.2(043.2)
COBISS_ID:5072683 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:6V58EQPV
Views:2281
Downloads:358
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Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:THE PRINCIPLE OF PRIMACY IN CASE-LAW OF THE COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND CONSTITUTIONAL COURTS OF THE MEMBER STATES
Abstract:Following the accession to the European Union and the adoption of the European legal order, the constitutional courts of the Member States found themselves in a completely new role as they had to face a legal system that actually became an inherent part of the their own legal systems and which their courts are bound to apply. By transferring the implementation of a part of their sovereign rights to the EU, the Member States recognized the primacy of the European legal order. However, the question raises regarding the role of the national courts in relation to EU law. The primary position of EU law in relation to national law, including national constitutional law, is regarded as a cornerstone principle of EU law, which entails that in case of a conflict between EU law and the law of the Member States, EU law prevails. Despite the fact that it has been in force for more than 50 years, the principle of primacy is not yet embodied in the positive EU law. Nevertheless, the fact that the principle of primacy is not explicitly set out within the Treaty, cannot in any way change the existence of the principle and the existing case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. The principle of primacy has received a lot of attention, not only at the EU level, but also within some of the Member States which were not ready to accept the unlimited primacy. Nevertheless, the principle of primacy, albeit with some restrictions relating to the basic rules of national legal orders, has been widely accepted by the national courts. However, while the CJEU saw its grounds in the autonomy and sui generis nature of the European legal order, the national courts justified it mainly by constitutional consent. The fundamental goal of the principle is to assure a unified and effective application of EU law in all Member States. In this regard, the crucial role of national courts should not be neglected as the acceptance and practical application of the primacy of EU law depends on the adaptation and acquiescence of the legal and constitutional orders of the Member States.
Keywords:EU law, application of EU law, principle of primacy, case law, Court of Justice of the European Union, constitutional courts, relationship between EU law and national law


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