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Title:DISKRIMINACIJA ROMOV V EU PO ODLOČBI SODIŠČA EU V ZADEVI NIKOLOVA
Authors:Kušar, Kristina (Author)
Hojnik, Janja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Kusar_Kristina_2015.pdf (564,46 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Evropska unija se je začela intenzivneje posvečati Romom ob koncu devetdesetih let, zaradi širitve na vzhodno in srednjo Evropo. Eden večjih dosežkov EU v boju proti diskriminaciji je bila Direktiva o rasni enakosti iz leta 2000. EU je namenila tudi veliko denarja romskim projektom. Kljub vsemu pa se Romi še vedno srečujejo z diskriminacijo in ekonomskimi problemi. Anelia Georgieva Nikolova ima v bolgarskem mestu Dupnica, natančneje v mestni četrti Gizdova Mahala, trgovino z živili. V tej mestni četrti je večina romskega prebivalstva. Zaradi pogostih manipulacij električnih števcev, se je bolgarsko elektrodistribucijsko podjetje (v nadaljevanju ČEZ RB) samo v tej četrti poslužilo sporne prakse, saj je števce namestilo na višino sedmih metrov, tako da je onemogočeno preverjanje porabe. A.G.Nikolova se je zaradi tega ukrepa pritožila pri Komisiji za zaščito pred diskriminacijo (v nadaljevanju KDZ). KDZ je ugotovilo diskriminacijo, nato pa je podjetje ČEZ RB podalo tožbo na Upravnem sodišču v Sofiji. To sodišče je kasneje postavilo deset predhodnih vprašanj sodišču EU. V sodbi je sodišče poudarilo, da se načelo enakega obravnavanja ne uporablja samo za osebe neke narodnosti, ampak tudi za ostale osebe, ki se zaradi diskriminatornega ukrepa obravnavajo manj ugodno. Poudarilo je tudi da to, da v mestni četrti živijo prebivalci, ki niso Romi ne izključuje tega, da je sporna praksa nastala zaradi večine romskega prebivalstva. Sporna praksa je sicer primerna za doseganje cilja, a je Sodišče poudarilo, da je nesorazmerna glede na interese prebivalcev mestne četrti.
Keywords:Zadeva Nikolova, Evropska unija, Direktiva o rasni enakosti, Bolgarija, Romi, diskriminacija, preizkus sorazmernosti. One of the biggest achievments of the EU in fight against discrimination was the Racial equality directive from year 2000. EU has financed many projects for Roma people.
Year of publishing:2015
Publisher:[K. Kušar]
Source:Maribor
UDC:341.2(043.2)
COBISS_ID:5055787 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:HMOMU2ZA
Views:1755
Downloads:94
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Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:DISCRIMINATION OF ROMA IN THE EU AFTER THE EU COURT RULING IN NIKOLOVA
Abstract:The European union became increasingly concerned about the situation of the Roma in the late 1990's, because of the expansion on the Eastern and Central Europe. One of the biggest achievements of the EU in the fight against discrimination was Racial equality Directive in year 2000. EU also financed many project for Roma. Despite everything, the Roma continue to face economic difficulties and discrimination. Anelia Georgieva Nikolova has a small shop in Bulgarian city Dupnica, in small neighborhood called Gizdova mahala. The majority of population in this neighborhood are the Roma. Because of the numerous unlawful connections to the network, the Bolgarian electricity undertaking (ČEZ RB) decided to install the electricity meters at a height of six meters, with reason that the consumers cannot check the consumption. Because of this inappropriate practice, A.G. Nikolova lodged a complaint at the Commission for protection against discrimination (KDZ). The KDZ later found that Ms. Nikolova has been discriminated. ČEZ RB than brought an appeal against that decison before Administrative Court in Sofia. That court has asked the Court of Justice ten preliminary questions. In the judgement the Court of Justice states, that the principle of equal treatment applies not only to persons who have a certain ethnic origin, but also to those who are treated less favourable because of the certain practice. The Court pointed out that the presence of the inhabitants, who are not Roma, does not rule out that a contested practice was imposed because of the etnicity of the majority population. The practice is effective in order to achieve aims, but the Court pointed out that it seems to be disproportionate to the aims and legitimate interests of the inhabitants of the district concerned.
Keywords:Nicolova case, European Union, Racial equality directive, Bulgaria, the Roma, discrimination, proportionality test.


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