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Title:Ženska v antični Grčiji in Rimu
Authors:Jerič, Tjaša (Author)
Maver, Aleš (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Jeric_Tjasa_2015.pdf (1020,41 KB)
MD5: 0C72F5822E3AEF142D1C0AE807D6A270
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Položaj ženske v Grčiji se je skozi časovna obdobja starogrške države spreminjal. V zgodnjem obdobju, je bila ženska skoraj enakovredna moškemu, nato se je položaj močno poslabšal. Družbena depriviligiranost ženske se je kazala že ob njenem rojstvu, ko je bila nemalokrat prepuščena na milost in nemilost na kraju izpostavitve. Če jo je družina obdržala, je bila deležna najosnovnejše izobrazbe. Skozi vsa življenjska obdobja je bila podrejena moškemu, sprva očetu, po poroki možu. Njena družbena vloga je bila omejena na rojevanje dobrih državljanov. Najbolj cenjena je bila, ko je igrala vlogo pokorne, ustrežljive in tihe gospodinje, ki je za zidovi domačega gospodinjstva tkala, predla, vzgajala otroke ter nadzirala hišne sužnje. V javnem življenju se ni smela velikokrat pojavljati, razen ob različnih praznikih, kjer so imele ženske nepričakovano veliko vlogo. Tudi rimska ženska je bila vedno v senci moških. Rimska deklica je bila deležna skromnejše izobrazbe v primerjavi z dečkom. Skozi zgodovino rimske države se je izboljševal tudi položaj ženske. Kljub temu, da je bila njena domena predvsem delo v hiši, vzgoja otrok ter nadzor sužnjev, pa so se rimske ženske velikokrat pojavljale tudi v javnem življenju. Tako kot grška ženska, je tudi Rimljanka imela zelo pomembno vlogo pri religiji in na javnih praznovanjih. Prav tako je bila njena prioritetna naloga rojevanje otrok. Sprva je bila pod oblastjo očeta ali moža, nato pa je postala pomemben člen pri odločanju o svojem življenju.
Keywords:antika, položaj ženske, grška ženska, rimska ženska, družinsko življenje, javno življenje, vloga ženske
Year of publishing:2015
Publisher:[T. Jerič]
Source:Maribor
UDC:94(37/38):305-055.2(043.2)
COBISS_ID:21683720 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:FEA1CLZS
Views:4558
Downloads:569
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Being a Woman in Ancient Greece and Rome
Abstract:Position of women in Greece was subject to considerable change during the course of ancient Greek history. During the earlier periods of it, women are almost equal to men, but later their position worsened considerably. The lower social stance of women was visible already at their birth, since they were often victims of exposure. If a girl was kept by her family, she was only modestly educated. During all periods of her life she was subjugated to a man, in the beginning to her father, later to her husband. Her social role remained limited to giving birth to good citizens. She was most appreciated playing a role of obedient, submissive and quiet housewife, remaining behind the walls of her household. In public life, her appearances were rare, except for different religious festivals, where role of women was extraordinary important. Roman women remained in the shadow of men as well. A Roman girl was educated more modestly compared to a boy. But during the history of the Roman state position of women also improved. Although their domain remained principally housework, education of children as well as control of slaves, Roman women made many appearances in public life. Like Greek women, their Roman counterparts held considerable role in religion and during public festivals. Their prime role remained of course giving birth to children. They were under domination of her father or her husband, but later often had a possibility to decide about their lives for themselves.
Keywords:ancient history, position of women, Greek woman, Roman woman, family life, public life, role of woman


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