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Title:Pravice do statusa begunca zaradi naravnih pojavov in nesreč
Authors:Šerbel, Marko (Author)
Matjaž, Tratnik (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Serbel_Marko_2015.pdf (884,18 KB)
MD5: 774EAFFA7520E5863F3DAF635A117304
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Diplomsko delo, ki je pred vami, obravnava problematiko statusa okoljskih beguncev. V današnji razviti družbi obstajajo zakoni, deklaracije in konvencije, katere urejajo zaščito človekovih pravic in njihovih temeljnih svoboščin. Kljub vsemu prihaja do pravnih praznin, ko določena skupina izpade iz okvira neke pravne zaščite. Ravno to se je zgodilo pri urejanju statusa oseb, ki so prisiljene zapustiti svoj matični teritorij, ko nepredvidljiv naravni pojav ali nesreča uniči njihov dom, rodovitno zemljo za pridelovanje hrane, kontaminira pitno vodo ali kako drugače vpliva na poslabšanje osnovnih pogojev za življenje. Prenaseljenost je z mojega zornega kota zagotovo pomembno vprašanje, s katerim bi se morale mednarodne organizacije intenzivneje ukvarjati, s tem pa posledično iskati možne rešitve za čim bolj složno normalizacijo trenutnega stanja. Za okoljske begunce se lahko uporablja tudi termin notranje razseljeni ljudje, kar pomeni, da je ta skupina ljudi v večini primerov razseljena znotraj meja svoje matične države. Ravno v tem drugem poimenovanju lahko najdemo prvi poglavitni razlog za nastanek pravne praznine glede pridobitve enakih pravic in zaščite kot begunci, ki zapuščajo državo izvora zaradi takšnega ali drugačnega strahu pred preganjanjem. Da lahko begunec uživa mednarodno zaščito po Konvenciji o statusu beguncev, mora izpolnjevati štiri s to konvencijo določene pogoje, od katerih pa nobeden ne vsebuje možnosti pridobitve statusa begunca zaradi vpliva višje sile. Naravni pojavi in nesreče so nepredvidljiva višja sila, ki vedno bolj obsežno vpliva na človeška življenja. Vzrok za naraščanje naravnih pojavov in nesreč je lahko plod same narave ali pa brezobzirnega človeškega posega vanjo. Glavna predpostavka diplomskega dela bo, ali oseba sploh lahko pridobi status begunca zaradi naravnih pojavov in nesreč. V samem začetku bom predstavil pojem begunstva, begunske pravice in dolžnosti ter pojasnil nekatere pojme v povezavi z begunstvom. Poleg tega bom poskušal odgovoriti na vprašanje, ali je okoljskim beguncem zagotovljeno enako pravno varstvo kot ostalim vrstam beguncev. Na koncu se bom posvetil vprašanju, ali je možno osebo, ki pridobi status okoljskega begunca, uspešno integrirati nazaj v normalno družbo do te mere, da ponovno samostojno zaživi in tako ne predstavlja več bremena državi.
Keywords:okoljski begunec, naravni pojavi, naravne nesreče, okoljski problemi, begunec, Konvencija o statusu beguncev, narava, pravna praznina
Year of publishing:2015
Source:Maribor
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:WQ8QXUMS
Views:860
Downloads:98
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Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:STATUS OF REFUGEE DUE TO NATURAL DISASTERS AND PHENOMENA
Abstract:The bachelor thesis in front of you is dealing with the issue of the status of environmental refugees. In today's developed society there are laws, declarations and conventions that are governing the protection of human rights and their fundamental freedoms. However legal gaps are still created, when a certain group is dropped out of a specific legal framework and security. This happened in regulating the status of persons which are forced to leave their home when an unpredictable natural phenomenon or an accident destroys their home, fertile land to grow food, contaminates drinking water supplies or otherwise affect the deterioration of basic living conditions. Overpopulation is from my perspective, certainly an important issue which should be discussed by the International Organizations more intensively, in order to look for possible solutions for the most harmonious normalization of the situation. Environmental refugees are otherwise also called internally displaced persons. That means that this group of people is in most cases displaced within the borders of their home state. Exactly in this second naming can be found the main reason for the emergence of legal gaps and obtaining equal rights of protection for refugees which left their origin country, because of fear of persecution. That a refugee may enjoy international protection under the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, he or she must meet four of the Convention's specific conditions. None of them contains the possibility of obtaining refugee status due to force majeure. Natural phenomena and accidents are not anything but unpredictable force majeure , which always has an increasingly extensive impact on people's lives. The reason for the increase amount of natural phenomena and disasters can either be the result of the nature by itself or the result of careless human interferences in the nature. The main assumption of the thesis will be, if a person can obtain refugee status due to causes of natural phenomena. At the very beginning of the diploma thesis I'll present the concept of refugees, their rights and duties, and i will give an explenation of some other concepts in the context of refugees. In addition, I'll be also dealing with the question of whether environmental refugees enjoy the same legal protection as other types of refugees. In the end, I will answer the question how to integrate a refugee back to the normal society to the point where he can again live alone without the countries help.
Keywords:environmental refugee, Natural phenomena, natural disaster, environmental issues, refugee Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, Nature, Lacuna


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