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Title:ANALIZA MERIL ZA VREDNOTENJE SVETLOBNEGA ONESNAŽEVANJA
Authors:Oswald, Matej (Author)
Orgulan, Andrej (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Oswald_Matej_2015.pdf (2,52 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FERI - Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Abstract:Cilj diplomskega dela je ovrednotenje obstoječih meril za minimizacijo učinka svetlobnega onesnaževanja okolja v našem ekosistemu. Osredotočili smo se predvsem na Slovenske zahteve ter mednarodna priporočila CIE, ki je najširša mednarodna organizacija na področju razsvetljave. V Sloveniji velja kot glavno merilo za omejevanje priključna moč za razsvetljavo na površino, ki jo osvetljujemo in dovoljena poraba energije za razsvetljavo na prebivalca. Pretekle analize so pokazale, da obstajajo možnosti, da se omeji in celo zmanjša vpliv na okolje zaradi umetnih svetlobnih virov, ki so vzrok za svetlobno onesnaženje , hkrati pa nudijo stroškovne in energetsko varčne rešitve Zahteve in standardi se po svetu bistveno razlikujejo, zato jih je potrebno preučiti in analizirati ter jih dodelati tako, da bodo merila čimbolj objektivna in sprejemljiva tako za astronome kot tudi za ekonomiste, uporabnike in projektante razsvetljave. V drugem delu diplomske naloge je prikazan poskus izbire objektivnih kriterijev. V zaključku diplomske naloge je prikazan numerični izračun in simulacija izbranega odseka cestne razsvetljave z okoliškimi objekti v programu ReluxPro,. Rezultati simulacije prikazujejo odvisnost neželene svetlobe od izbire svetlobnega vira, tipov uporabljenih svetilk, kjer je delež svetlobnega toka, ki izhaja iz celotnega odseka bistveno nižji z uporabo svetilk z LED tehnologijo v primerjavi s predhodno uporabljenimi natrijevimi sijalkami.
Keywords:Svetlobno onesnaženje, priporočila CIE, nebesni sij, vsiljena svetloba, svetlobni tok navzgor
Year of publishing:2015
Publisher:M. Oswald
Source:[Maribor
UDC:535.241.41:628.97(043.2)
COBISS_ID:19289878 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:2JWPQOKR
Views:530
Downloads:74
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:KTFMB - FERI
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:ANALYSIS OF CRITERIA FOR THE EVALUATION OF LIGHT POLLUTION
Abstract:The aim of the thesis is the evaluation of existing criteria to minimize the effects of light pollution in our ecosystem. We focused mainly on the Slovenian requirements and the requirements of CIE for a wider part of the world. In Slovenia, the primary measure of power is connected to the surface and allowed power consumption for lighting per capita. Also, the analysis has shown that there are options to limit or even reduce the environmental impact of artificial light pollution, while delivering cost-effective and energy-saving benefits. However, the requirements and standards around the world vary considerably, so it is necessary to examine and optimize this by using refined measurement to find a common language so astronomers as economists and technicians. Towards the end we have to show by choosing objective criteria. The thesis was then completed with a simulation of the selected portion of the program ReluxPro and found that the current share of the luminous flux on the surface is significantly lower with the use of lamps with LED technology from their previous sodium lamps.
Keywords:Light pollution, CIE recommendations, sky glow, forced light, upward light ratio


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