|Opis:||Social rights of students differ according to status they have, based on the law of the European Union. Worker, as a person who is economically active, shall enjoy equal treatment with the nationals of the Host Member State, regarding social security and other social benefits such as sickness allowance, maternity benefits, old-age benefits, bereavement allowance, accidents at work and occupational illness benefits, invalidity pensions, death grants, unemployment and family benefits. The worker shall also, by virtue of the same right and under the same conditions as national workers, have access to training in vocational schools and retraining centres. University studies fall within the meaning of the term vocational training. Workers, self-employed persons, persons who retain such status and members of their families also have the right to be granted maintenance aid for studies, including vocational training, consisting in student grants or student loans to persons.
Children of the economically active persons are, the same as workers, entitled to equal treatment with the nationals, which also includes all social benefits that help facilitate the education (grants and student loans that cover tuition fees and maintenance costs).
Students as economically inactive persons are, in order to reside in a Host Member State for a period longer than three months, obligated to fulfill two conditions. Firstly, they need to have sufficient resources for themselves and their family members not to become a burden on the social assistance system of the host Member State and secondly, they must have comprehensive sickness insurance cover in the host Member State. Also, the host Member State shall not be obliged, prior to acquisition of the right of permanent residence (the right of permanent residence is acquired after residing legally for a period of five consecutive years in the host Member State) to grant the economically inactive citizen maintenance aid for studies, including vocational training, consisting in student grants or student loans. In the case of assistance covering the maintenance costs of students, it is thus legitimate for a Member State to grant such assistance only to students who have demonstrated a certain degree of integration into the society of that State.|