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Title:VLOGA PRIČE V CIVILNEM PRAVDNEM POSTOPKU
Authors:Mlakar, Špela (Author)
Ivanc, Tjaša (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Mlakar_Spela_2015.pdf (667,74 KB)
MD5: 1F5969E02E6FA11400C139D38643A16E
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Diplomsko delo je v celoti posvečeno vlogi priče v civilnem pravdnem postopku. Priča kot dokazno sredstvo sodišču omogoča, da se prepriča o resničnosti trditev strank, ki se nanašajo na pravno relevantna dejstva v civilnem sporu. Kot priče se smejo zaslišati le osebe, ki so zmožne dati podatke o dejstvih, ki se dokazujejo, torej vsaka fizična oseba, tudi mladoletniki, osebe z raznimi telesnimi hibam, a vse to pod pogojem, da so pred sodiščem sposobni pojasniti svoje zaznave, dejstva, ki so pravno oziroma dokazno pomembna. Na izpovedbo in na zanesljivost priče vplivajo predvsem zaznava, spomin in spominska reprodukcija, do napak pa lahko prihaja pri vseh treh. Zakon o pravdnem postopku že na začetku poglavja o pričah določa, da mora vsak, kdor je povabljen za pričo priti, in če ni z zakonom drugače določeno, tudi pričati. Splošna dolžnost pričanja vsebuje tri dolžnosti, in sicer dolžnost prihoda, dolžnost izpovedbe in dolžnost govoriti resnico. Vendar pa nekaterih oseb ni mogoče zaslišati kot priče, nekatere so oproščene pričanja, v določenih primerih pa lahko priča odkloni odgovor na posamezno vprašanje. Kot priča tako ne sme biti zaslišan, kdor bi s svojo izpovedbo prekršil dolžnost varovanja uradne ali vojaške skrivnosti, dokler ga pristojni organ ne odveže te dolžnosti. Privilegirane priče so priče, ki lahko pod zakonsko določenimi pogoji, odrečejo pričanje. Njihovo pričanje je odvisno od njihove volje, če želijo lahko odrečejo pričanje, če želijo lahko pričajo. Takšne priče namreč same ocenijo ali bodo varovale zaupnost razmerja oziroma poklicno skrivnost ali pa bodo dale prednost pravici stranke do sodnega varstva. Zakon daje priči tudi možnost, da odreče odgovor na posamezna vprašanja, če ima za to tehtne razloge. Stranka mora v dokaznem predlogu natančno opredeliti, katera dejstva se naj s pomočjo predlaganega dokaza ugotovijo ter kako bi lahko dokazni predlog (izpoved priče) pripomogel k ugotovitvi določenega dejstva. Sodišče mora pričo opozoriti, da je dolžna govoriti resnico, da ne sme ničesar zamolčati, hkrati pa jo mora opozoriti tudi na posledice krive izpovedbe. Priče se nato zaslišijo vsaka zase in brez navzočnosti prič, ki bodo zaslišane pozneje, na vprašanja pa odgovarjajo ustno. Priča ima pravico do povračila potnih stroškov in stroškov za prehrano in prenočišče kakor tudi do povračila izgubljenega zaslužka.
Keywords:Civilni pravdni postopek, dokazovanje, dokazi, priča, privilegirana priča, dolžnost pričanja.
Year of publishing:2015
Publisher:[Š. Mlakar]
Source:Lovrenc na Dravskem polju
UDC:347.943(043.2)
COBISS_ID:5068331 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:LNVWX7FV
Views:3028
Downloads:365
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:THE ROLE OF WITNESS IN CIVIL PROCEDURE
Abstract:The thesis is entirely dedicated to the role of witness in civil litigation. The witness as evidence enables the court to ascertain the veracity of the parties' arguments relating to the legally relevant facts in civil proceedings. As witnesses may be heard only people, who are able to give information on the facts to be proved, that is any person, including minors, people with various physical drawbacks, provided that they are able to explain their perceptions, facts that are legally relevant or probative before the courts. Testimony and the reliability of the witnesses are mainly affected by perception, memory and memory reproduction, errors can occur in all three. Already at the beginning of the chapter on witnesses the Civil Procedure Act stipulates that everyone who is summoned as a witness needs to attend the procedure, and if not otherwise provided by law, also testify. General obligation to testify consist of three duties, namely the duty of arrival, the obligation to testify in the strict sense and duty to speak the truth. However, some people cannot be heard as witnesses, some are exempt from testifying in certain cases and in some cases they may refuse to answer a particular question. As witness must not be heard anyone, who by giving testimony would violate the obligation of official or military secret, until the competent authority shall not relieve those duties. Privileged witnesses are witnesses, who can under the statutory conditions, refuse to testify. Their testimony is dependent on their will, if they decide to testify they can, if they refuse they do not. Such a witness assesses the situation and decides to protect the confidentiality of the relationship, therefore professional secrets, or prioritize the right of parties to justice. The law gives witnesses the opportunity to renounce answer individual questions, if he or she has good reasons for it. The party in civil proceedings must specify in evidence proposal, which facts should be proven using the proposed evidence and determine how evidence (witness testimony) should contribute to the establishment of a given fact. The court must warn the witness that he or she is bound to speak the truth, to not conceal anything, concurrently must be also noted the consequence of perjury. The witnesses are heard individually and without the presence of witnesses who will be heard later, they respond to the questions orally. The witness is entitled to reimbursement of travel expenses and the cost of food and accommodation, as well as to reimbursement of lost earnings.
Keywords:Civil litigation, proving, evidence, witness, privileged witness, the obligation to testify.


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