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Title:PREHRANA STAROSTNIKA
Authors:Bandur, Ursula (Author)
Hlastan Ribič, Cirila (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Ribič, Tatjana (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Bandur_Ursula_2015.pdf (556,70 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Teoretična izhodišča: V teoretičnem delu magistrske naloge smo opisali prehrano starostnika. Opisali smo tudi starostnika in značilne spremembe v tem življenjskem obdobju, determinante zdravega prehranjevanja in zdravstvenovzgojno delo medicinske sestre. Osredotočili smo se na prehranske dejavnike, ki vplivajo na nastanek prehranskih težav in bolezni, povezanih z nezdravim načinom prehranjevanja. Raziskovalne metode: V empiričnem delu magistrske naloge smo uporabili kvantitativno metodologijo. Uporabili smo tehniko zbiranja podatkov s standardiziranim anketnim vprašalnikom o prehranjevalnih navadah starostnikov. Povzeli in priredili smo standardiziran vprašalnik Nacionalnega inštituta za javno zdravje »Z zdravjem povezan vedenjski slog«. Iz tega vprašalnika smo vzeli 6 demografskih vprašanj in 14 vprašanj, ki se nanašajo na prehranjevalne navade starostnikov. Za kvantitativne podatke smo uporabili program SPPS, s pomočjo katerega smo izvedli statistično analizo podatkov. Uporabili smo statistično metodo hi-kvadrat test in opisno ali deskriptivno statistiko. Za prikaz podatkov v obliki grafov in tabel smo uporabili Microsoft Excel. Rezultati: Na osnovi naše raziskave smo ugotovili, da ima 66,8 % starostnikov povišano telesno težo, zaužijejo premalo tekočine ter uporabljajo bolj mastno mleko. Zaužijejo premalo sveže zelenjave in sadja, ki sta na jedilniku bolj tedensko kot večkrat dnevno. Ugotovili pa smo tudi, da imajo starostniki ustrezno število obrokov na dan. Na osnovi rezultatov s statističnim testom hi-kvadratom po spolu ne moremo povezati spremenljivk, lahko pa povežemo starost in popito tekočino ter uživanje pravega čaja. Povežemo lahko izobrazbo in dosoljevanje hrane. Sklep: Preveč starostnikov ima povišano telesno težo, zato bi jo morali zmanjšati, uporabljati manj mastno mleko in več nenasičenih maščob. Večina starostnikov popije premalo tekočine, zato bi morali uživati več vode in nesladkanih napitkov.
Keywords:starostnik, prehranjevalne navade, prehranski dejavniki, kakovost življenja
Year of publishing:2015
Publisher:[U. Bandur]
Source:Maribor
UDC:613.2-053.9(043.2)
URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:E2S9UCKL
COBISS_ID:2154404 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1586
Downloads:334
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:NUTRITION OF THE ELDERLY
Abstract:Theoretical background: In the theoretical part of the master's thesis, we describe the diet of the elderly people. We also described the elderly and the significant changes in this period of life, determinants of healthy eating and health-educational work of nurses. We focused on nutritional factors that influence the formation of nutritional problems and diseases associated with an unhealthy diet. Research methods: In the empirical part of the master's thesis, we used quantitative methodology. We have used the technique of data collection with a standardized survey questionnaire on eating habits of the elderly. We have summarized and organized a standardized questionnaire to the National Institute for Public Health "Health-related behavioral style." From this questionnaire we took 6 demographic questions and 14 questions, which relate to the eating habits of the elderly. For quantitative data we used the program SPPS by which we carried out a statistical analysis of the data. We used a statistical method chi-square test and descriptive statistics. To display the data in the form of graphs and tables we used Microsoft Excel. Results: Based on our research, we found that 66.8% of older people have increased weight, consume too little fluid and use more fat milk. They eat too little fresh vegetables and fruits, which are on the menu once a week instead of several times a day. The elderly, however, have adequate number of meals per day. Based on the results with the statistical chi-square sex cannot be connected to the variables, but you can connect the age and the drunk liquid and the consummation of tea. We can bind education level to adding extra salt to the food.Conclusions: Too many older people are overweight, so they should lose weight, use low-fat milk and more unsaturated fats. Most of the elderly do not drink enough fluids, they should drink more water and unsweetened drinks.
Keywords:elderly, eating habits, nutritional factors, quality of life


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