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Title:PRVA POMOČ OB ZASTRUPITVAH
Authors:Ladinik, Aljaž (Author)
Koželj, Anton (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Ladinik_Aljaz_2015.pdf (1,23 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Teoretična izhodišča: Vsako leto opažamo vedno večje število zastrupitev. Za takšno spremembo je kriv razvoj našega življenja, saj imamo vedno več strupenih in toksičnih snovi, vedno več ljudi se odloča za ekološko prehrano, tako se zastrupljajo z gobami, gozdnimi sadeži in tudi rastlinami. Prav tako pa se je v letošnjem letu zabeležil porast zastrupitev z ogljikovim monoksidom. Raziskovalna metodologija: Raziskava temelji na kvantitativni metodologiji. Uporabili smo vprašalnik zaprtega tipa, anketa vsebuje 18 vprašanj. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 100 naključno izbranih polnoletnih ljudi iz okolice Maribora, z različno izobrazbo, v različnih starostnih obdobjih. Ankete so bile rešene v roku enega meseca. Rezultate anket smo obdelali v programu Excel. Rezultati: Rezultati anket prikazujejo, da anketiranci delno ločijo strupene rastline od nestrupenih. Čemaž je prepoznalo samo 52 oseb (52 %), šmarnice pa 57 oseb (57 %). Prav tako nas je zanimalo, če prepoznajo znake zastrupitve s CO in CO2. Pri tem vprašanju je večina anketirancev podala pravilen odgovor. Pri najpomembnejšem vprašanju, ali bi znali nuditi prvo pomoč zastrupljencu, smo dobili sledeč rezultat, 50 oseb (50 %) se je odločilo za pravilen odgovor. Sklep: Iz raziskave smo pridobili podatke, ki nam kažejo, da imajo anketiranci različno znanje glede na vrsto zastrupitev. Opazili smo, da se pojavlja več znanja pri zastrupitvah s CO in CO2 kot pa pri zastrupitvah z rastlinami. Pridobili pa smo tudi koristen podatek, da bi velika večina anketirancev pazila na lastno varnost pri zastrupitvah. To pa je osnova, da lahko pomagamo tudi drugim in da se še sami ne kontaminiramo. Prav bi bilo, da bi med splošno populacijo izvajali brezplačne seminarje ali praktične naloge, pri katerih bi ljudje spoznavali užitne rastline od neužitnih (strupenih), nevarnosti CO in CO2.
Keywords:Zastrupitve, prva pomoč ob zastrupitvi, strupene hranljive snovi, strupeni plini
Year of publishing:2015
Publisher:[A. Ladinik]
Source:Maribor
UDC:638.158.2:616-083.98(043.2)
COBISS_ID:2154916 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:DHETS0VN
Views:1696
Downloads:194
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:FIRST AID IN CASE OF INTOXICATION
Abstract:Theoretical background: Every year we can notice an increase in number of poisonings. Cause for this trend lay in the human development. More and more toxic substances are introduced into this world and also more and more people are opting for ecologically produced food. As a result, they are poisoning themselves with mushrooms, forest fruits and plants. Moreover an increase in poisonings with carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide was also recorded in this year. Research methodology: The study is based on quantitative methodology. We used a closed type questionnaire, which included 18 different questions. In this survey 100 of randomly selected adult people were participating, all from Maribor and surroundings, with different educational levels and of different age groups. The questionnaires were filled in within one month period. The results were processed with Excel software. Results: The results of the survey show that not all participants are able to distinguish between toxic and edible plants. Wild garlic was recognised only by 52 participants (52%) and lily of the valley by 57 participants (57%) involved in this survey. Furthermore we were also interested if participants can identify signs of CO and CO2 poisoning. Most of the participants opted for the correct answer. To the most important question – would you know how to give first aid to a poisoned person, 50 participants (50%) gave the correct answer. Conclusion: We concluded that participants of this survey have very different knowledge regarding types of poisonings. We noticed that they are more educated in CO and CO2 poisoning than in poisonings with toxic plants. With this study we also acquired useful information, that most of the participants would be very cautious about their safety regarding poisonings. This is fundamental for being able to help others without putting ourselves in danger. The right thing to do would be to organise free seminars and practical workshops where people could learn how to differentiate between edible and toxic plants and learn about potential hazard of CO and CO2.
Keywords:Poisoning, first aid at poisoning, toxic nutrients, toxic gases


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