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Title:Preiskava kraja kaznivega dejanja ekološke kriminalitete - primerjava med Republiko Slovenijo in Republiko Srbijo : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo
Authors:Koblar, Mateja (Author)
Eman, Katja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Koblar_Mateja_2015.pdf (623,71 KB)
MD5: 36F20F7C8E3AE5D573333D184BD157B0
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Diplomska naloga obravnava postopek preiskave kraja kaznivega dejanja ekološke kriminalitete. Za kazniva dejanja ekološke kriminalitete je v večini primerov glavni razlog dobiček, saj je okolju prijazno ravnanje z nevarnimi odpadki lahko zelo drago. Včasih do onesnaženja z nevarnimi in s strupenimi snovmi lahko pride po nesreči ali iz malomarnosti, zato vseh onesnaženj okolja ne moremo definirati kot kaznivo dejanje. Ker je storilec kaznivih dejanja ekološke kriminalitete lahko vsakdo izmed nas, je tovrstna kazniva dejanja zelo težko preiskovati. Želeli smo se podrobno seznaniti s postopkom preiskave kraja kaznivega dejanja ekološke kriminalitete v Republiki Sloveniji in Republiki Srbiji ter izvesti primerjavo med obema postopkoma, kar smo naredili z uporabo različnih raziskovalnih metod. Ugotovili smo, da imata obe državi postopek preiskave kraja kaznivega dejanja dobro urejen ter da se postopka preiskave v Republiki Sloveniji in Republiki Srbiji, tako kot je bilo glede na skupno zgodovino pričakovati, razlikujeta le v nekaterih malenkostih. Razlika je v tem, da ima Republika Srbija opredeljene in zapisane specifičnosti pri ogledu kraja kaznivega dejanja posameznih kaznivih dejanj ekološke kriminalitete ter da nima funkcije preiskovalnega sodnika. Poleg tega se postopka razlikujeta v usposobljenosti in strokovnosti preiskovalcev, opremi in tehnologiji, v pogostosti in številu izvedenih preiskav oziroma ogledov krajev kaznivih dejanj ter strukturi kaznivih dejanj. Z namenom, da se ekološka kriminaliteta omeji, je treba krepiti ekološko zavest med državljani, s čimer je treba začeti že pri otrocih, strožje kaznovati storilce ekološke kriminalitete, dobro opremiti preiskovalce ekoloških kaznivih dejanj (nuditi strokovna izobraževanja s področja varstva oziroma varovanja okolja ter tudi več denarja, ki ga potrebujejo za izvedbo potrebnih raziskav), posvetiti več pozornosti in denarja odkrivanju naravi prijaznih snovi in materialov (obnovljivi viri energije ipd.). Najti bomo morali srednjo pot med napredkom in učinkovitim varstvom okolja, če želimo naravo ohraniti tudi za svoje potomce.
Keywords:ekološka kriminaliteta, ogled kraja, preiskovanje, preiskovalni organi, diplomske naloge
Year of publishing:2015
Year of performance:2015
Place of performance:[Ljubljana
Publisher:M. Koblar]
Number of pages:61 str.
Source:[Ljubljana
UDC:343.3/.7:504(043.2)
COBISS_ID:3010282 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:2Y0JPH11
Views:1003
Downloads:89
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Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:The thesis deals with the investigation procedure of a place, where the offence of environmental crime was committed. In most cases the main reason for the offence of environmental crime is profit, as the environmentally friendly management of hazardous wastes can be very expensive. Sometimes pollution with hazardous and toxic substances can occur by accident or negligence, so all the pollution of the environment cannot be defined as a criminal offence. Since each of us can be an offender of environmental crime, this kind of crime is very difficult to investigate. We wanted to take detailed note with the investigation procedure of a place, where the offence of environmental crime was committed, in the Republic of Slovenia and the Republic of Serbia, and conduct a comparison between the two procedures, which we made by using different research methods. We ascertained that in both countries the investigation procedure of a crime scene is well organized and that the investigation procedures in the Republic of Slovenia and the Republic of Serbia, as it was expected on the base of our shared history, differ only in a few small details. Namely, the Republic of Serbia has defined and recorded specificities about inspecting the crime scene of each environmental crime, and it has no investigating judge function. Besides that the procedures differ in competence and professionalism of investigators, equipment and technology, frequency and number of conducted investigations or inspected places of crime and the structure of criminal offences. In order to limit the ecological crime, it is necessary to strengthen ecological awareness among the citizens, thus it needs to start with children; we need stricter punishments for the environmental crime offenders, well equip ecological crime investigators (provide professional training in the field of protection and environmental protection, as well as more money, that they need to carry out the necessary research), and more attention and money for discovering environmentally friendly substances and materials (renewable sources of energy, etc.). We will have to find a middle way between progress and effective protection of the environment if we want to preserve nature for our descendants.
Keywords:ecological crime, investigation, environmental pollution, investigators, crime scene inspection.


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