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Title:Vpliv Mozartove sonate za dva klavirja v D-duru na prostorsko-časovno sklepanje
Authors:Habe, Katarina (Author)
Files:URL http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-IM32WVCB
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Vpliv glasbe na kognitivno funkcioniranje smo preučevali z Mozartovim učinkom, vplivom Mozartove sonate K.448 na prostorsko-časovno sklepanje. Namen raziskave je bil preučiti vpliv poslušanja Mozartove sonate na reševanje nalog prostorsko-časovnega sklepanja na vzorcu 315 študentov. Na osnovi tega eksperimenta sta bili izbrani dve skupini oseb: skupina dviga, pri kateri je bilo reševanje nalog takoj po poslušanju Mozartove sonate boljše (N = 30), in skupina stagnacije, pri kateri se dosežek ni spremenil (N = 30). Pri obeh skupinah so bile preverjene razlike v intelektualnih, osebnostnih in čustvenih značilnostih ter razlike v učnih stilih. Na izbranem vzorcu smo potrdili Mozartov učinek pri reševanju testa prostorsko-časovnega sklepanja. Ugotovili smo, da učinek ni odvisen od spola, predhodne glasbene izobrazbe in študijske smeri. Prav tako nanj ne vplivajo osebnostne in čustvene značilnosti. Pokazalo pa se je, da nanj vpliva splošni faktor inteligentnosti, in sicer je Mozartov učinek bolj izrazit pri posameznikih z nižjim IQ kot pri tistih z višjim IQ. Med skupino dviga in skupino stagnacije so bile pomembne razlike v avditivnem in vizualnem zaznavnem stilu, pri čemer je bil v skupini dviga bolj izražen avditivni stil, v skupini stagnacije pa vizualni. Pokazalo se je tudi, da je v skupini dviga bolj prisoten celosten način predelovanja informacij, v skupini stagnancije pa analitičen način. Naša raziskava je torej potrdila, da ima Mozartova glasba pozitiven vpliv na kognitivno funkcioniranje, vendar je le-ta odvisen od intelektualnih značilnosti, zaznavnega stila in od načina predelovanja informacij.
Keywords:Mozartov učinek, kognitivne sposobnosti, klasična glasba, sklepanje, psihologija glasbe
Year of publishing:2006
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
Number of pages:str. 53-66
Numbering:Letn. 15, št. 2
UDC:159.955.6:78.082.2
ISSN on article:1318-1874
COBISS_ID:34448994 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:BMHXPFRN
Views:882
Downloads:57
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Psihološka obzorja
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
ISSN:1318-1874
COBISS.SI-ID:3084808 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The effect of the Mozart Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major on the spatial-temporal reasoning
Abstract:The influence of music on cognitive functioning was investigated with the Mozart effect, i. e. the increase in spatial-temporal reasoning performance immediately after exposure to the Mozart piano sonata K.448. The experiment was performed on the sample of 315 students. Based on the results of the main experiment, two groups) were formed: the enhancement group (N = 30) and the stagnation group (N = 30). Differences between these extreme groups in intellectual, personal, emotional characteristics, and in the learning styles were examined. The Mozart effect on the spatial-temporal reasoning performancewas confirmed. The effect was not influenced by gender, musical knowledge, or the study area. It was also not affected by personality and emotional characteristics. On the other hand, there was an influence of the general intelligence factor (the effect was more pronounced in the individuals with lower IQ in comparison with those with higher IQ) and in the learning styles (the enhancement group processed information more on auditory and holistic level, while the stagnation group was more visual and analytical). Our study confirmed that Mozart's music has a positive influence on cognitive functioning, but this influence depends on intellectual capacities, perceptual style, and information processing style.
Keywords:Mozart effect, cognitive abilities, music, reasoning, music psychology


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