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Title:RAZVOJ GRAFOMOTORIKE PREDŠOLSKIH OTROK
Authors:ID Koštomaj, Janja (Author)
ID Ropič Kop, Marija (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Kostomaj_Janja_2015.pdf (2,04 MB)
MD5: AECD4DDE1F9411243BE10500F45EB70E
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:V diplomskem delu obravnavamo razvoj grafomotorike pri predšolskih otrocih. Grafomotorične dejavnosti so zelo pomembne že v predšolskem obdobju, saj si s tem otroci razvijajo spretnosti, ki so kasneje zelo pomembne pri pisanju in samem razvoju grafomotorike. O grafomotoričnih spretnostih lahko govorimo že v starosti dveh let, ko otrok ugotovi, da pisalo pušča sled in se s tem prične obdobje čečkanja. Kasneje pa začne posnemati določene oblike. V prvem delu diplomskega dela je opredeljeno področje motorike in grafomotorike. Predstavljena je otroška risba in njen razvoj. Eno izmed poglavij je namenjeno risanju kroga, ki je pomembno kasneje pri empiričnem delu. Opredeljen je pojem zgodnja pismenost in predstavljena je teorija mišljenja Jeana Piageta. V empiričnem delu smo raziskovali in iskali odgovore na vprašanja, ki smo si jih na začetku zastavili. Zanimalo nas je, kako otroci napredujejo v razvoju sposobnosti pri risanju naslednjih likov: krog, kvadrat in trikotnik ter kako se s tem razvijajo njihove grafomotorične spretnosti. Otrokovo napredovanje bi moralo biti opazno zaradi doslednega izvajanja vnaprej pripravljenih načrtovanih dejavnosti. Izvedena je bila spremljava dela v obdobju enega meseca na podlagi kontrolne in eksperimentalne skupine. V tem času lahko govorimo o napredovanju otrok. Otroke smo vrednotili glede na sposobnosti risanja kroga, kvadrata in trikotnika, na začetku in na koncu raziskovalnega obdobja v obeh skupinah. Opazovali smo tudi držo pisala in določili njihovo dominantno roko.
Keywords:motorika, grafomotorika, orientacija, otroška risba, krog, kvadrat, trikotnik
Place of publishing:Maribor
Publisher:[J. Koštomaj]
Year of publishing:2015
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-48434 New window
UDC:159.946.4-053.4(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:21502728 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:PWASWIKX
Publication date in DKUM:27.07.2015
Views:5455
Downloads:1121
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:THE DEVELOPMENT OF GRAPHIC - MOTORIC FUNCTIONS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
Abstract:In my diploma I discuss the development of graphic-motoric functions at preschool children. Graphic-motoric functions are very important even at an early stage at preschool children, because with it children develop skills that are very important later in life when writing and developing graphic-motoric functions. We can speak of graphic-motoric functions even with two-year olds, when a child discovers that a pen leaves marks and with it begins the so-called time of doodling. Afterwards they start to copy certain shapes. In the first part of my diploma I define the field of motoric and graphic-motoric functions. I present a children’s drawing and its development. One of the chapters is focused on drawing a circle, which is important for the empirical part of the diploma later on. I also define the concept of early literacy and present the theory of thinking by Jean Piaget. The empirical part researches and searches for answers to questions which we asked ourselves at the start. We were interested in how children progress in their development of skills at drawing certain shapes: circle, square and triangle; as well as how this helps develop their graphic-motoric functions. A child’s progress should be noticed due to consistent execution of pre-planned activities. I observed a one month’s time of work based on a control and experimental group. In this time we can talk of children’s progression. We evaluated children based on their skills to draw a circle, square and triangle at the start and at the end of the research time window in both groups. We also observed how they hold the pen and determined their dominant hand.
Keywords:motoric functions, graphic-motoric functions, orientation, children’s drawing, circle, square, triangle


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