|Opis:||The global financial crisis (GFC) in Slovenia hasn´t only affected the economy, it had a significant effect on the labour market as well. Young people in particular were the ones who were affected the most. Not only is the unemployment rate among young people in Slovenia increasing rapidly each year, they also tend to experience difficulties trying to enter the workforce. In this diploma thesis, we wish to emphasize the importance of alternative employment opportunities in order to ensure young people a smooth transition from finishing tertiary education to entering the labour market and to increase their employment opportunities.
In the theoretical part, we first explained the reasons for youth unemployment, then discussed typical and atypical (non-standard) forms of employment where we also mentioned student work as one of the most common flexible forms of employment, introduced active and passive job searching, and also explained in more detail the role and activity of the Employment Service of Slovenia and career (employment) centres, investigated employment opportunities which include self-employment, retraining and work abroad, and last, but not least, we defined the influence of school counselling service regarding vocational orientation of pupils and students in primary and secondary schools.
In the empirical part, we introduced results of a questionnaire survey carried out among two separate groups of students attending the Faculty of Arts in Maribor – those who are still finishing their post-graduate studies, and those who had already finished their studies. The survey was carried out in order to investigate employment opportunities of young people before and after tertiary education, and also to explore the existence of differences between the two groups. The results showed that the majority of individuals tend to have a positive attitude towards alternative employment opportunities ‒ nevertheless, differences between the two groups do exist. Those who had already finished their studies seem to be more susceptible regarding employment opportunities, mostly because they are more familiar with employment conditions in the labour market and are convinced that tertiary education ‒ especially social sciences and humanistic studies ‒ is not considered to provide opportunities for future jobs in Slovenia. These students are therefore obligated to seek any type of employment regardless of the level of education. Those who are still finishing their studies are, on the other hand, more optimistic about their employment opportunities, even though they are aware of current working conditions in the labour market and are already thinking about alternative solutions that would enable them to find a fast and successful employment either home or abroad.|