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Title:IZGOREVANJE IN STRES PRI MEDICINSKIH SESTRAH V DIALIZNIH CENTRIH
Authors:Ovčar, Maja (Author)
Ovsenik, Marija (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Ovcar_Maja_2015.pdf (1,06 MB)
MD5: 6BA7DED4AB3B47B7216FCF35B349962D
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Teoretična izhodišča: Živimo hiter tempo življenja. Na vsakem koraku se od nas zahteva največ, pa naj bo to v službi ali doma; smo na to pripravljeni? Službe so dandanes stresne, saj se dogodki vrstijo po hitrem vrstnem redu, vsem se nekam mudi, vse je tempirano na najkrajši možni rok. Dializne medicinske sestre opravljajo delo s kroničnimi pacienti, ki so velikokrat prezahtevni in potrebujejo veliko razumevanja, podpore in pozornosti. Medicinske sestre v dializnih centrih imajo povečano možnost za infekcijske bolezni (hepatitis, aids …) in psihične težave. Vse te bolezni lahko povečajo verjetnost za izgorevanje ali stres. Namen in cilji: Ugotoviti želimo, ali so medicinske sestre in zdravstveni tehniki, zaposleni v dializnih centrih, izpostavljeni izgorevanju in stresu na delovnem mestu, ter ali posamezni dializni centri skrbijo za preprečevanje in zmanjšanje izgorevanja ter stresa. Cilji so: analizirati rezultate, jih interpretirati ter predlagati rešitve glede na pridobljene rezultate, ugotoviti, ali je pri dializnem osebju prisoten stres ter ali je pri dializnem osebju prisotno izgorevanje in kateri so najpogostejši simptomi izgorevanja in stresa na delovnem mestu. Raziskovalne metode: Za prikaz pridobljenih podatkov smo uporabili naslednje raziskovalne metode: analitično metodo (razčlenjevanje celote v posamezne dele), metodo deskripcije (opisovanje), metodo kompilacije (uporaba zapiskov in citatov drugih avtorjev), metodo dedukcije (sklepanje na osnovi splošnih spoznanj) in osnovne statistične analize. Podatke iz vprašalnika smo računalniško obdelali ter prikazali v obliki grafov in tabel. Uporabljali smo progama Microsoft Excel in SPSS 17.0. Za statistično obdelavo podatkov smo uporabili deskriptivno metodo oz. analizo. Rezultati: Glede na analizo podatkov menimo, da dializne medicinske sestre niso izgorele, imajo pa srednjo oceno učinkovitosti, so preobremenjene in imajo stresno delovno mesto. Redno skrbijo za rekreacijo in sproščanje, delo na dializi jim je zanimivo in ga sprejemajo kot izziv in ne kot grožnjo, ko potrebujejo pomoč, tudi prosijo zanjo. Vodilne medicinske sestre v dializnih centrih znajo pohvaliti zaposlene in dobro voditi dializne oddelke. Sklep: Glede na način in specifičnost dela ter zelo zahtevne paciente smo pričakovali slabše rezultate. Vendar pa lahko z gotovostjo trdimo, da dializne medicinske sestre obvladajo specifičnost dela z dializnimi pacienti, da se znajo vživeti vanje, da se s pacienti, ki redno obiskujejo dializo, spletejo prijateljske vezi ter zaupanje, kar jim močno pomaga pri premagovanju ovir in stresa na delovnem mestu.
Keywords:izgorevanje na delovnem mestu, stres na delovnem mestu, medicinska sestra, dializni centri, zaposleni.
Year of publishing:2015
Publisher:[M. Ovčar]
Source:Maribor
UDC:159.944.4:614.253.5(043.2)
COBISS_ID:2146980 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:1NIUKPTY
Views:885
Downloads:176
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:BURNOUT SYNDROME AND STRESS AMONG DIALYSIS NURSES
Abstract:Theoretical framework: We live in a fast moving world. We are required to do everything to the maximum of our abilities every step of the way, be it at work or at home. Are we ready for it? Nowadays events follow each other in quick succession, everyone is always in a hurryand everythingmust be done in the shortest possible time, which makes workplaces stressful. Dialysis nurses work with patients with chronic diseases who are often very demanding and require a lot of understanding, support and attention. Nurses at the dialysis centres have higher chances of being exposed to infectious diseases (hepatitis, AIDS etc.) and are more likely to developmentalhealth issues. The risk of contracting the listed diseases increasesthe incidences of stress and burnout. Aims and Objectives: We want to determine ifnurses who work at dialysis centres are exposed to stress and burnout. Additionally, we want to know if the individual dialysis centres care for the prevention and reduction of stress and burnout. Our aims are: to analyse the results, interpret them and suggest solutions based on the gathered results. Furthermore, we want to determine if stress and burnoutare present among the employees and which are the most common symptoms caused by stress and burnout. Research methodology: In order to present the data we gathered, we employed a variety of research methods: analytical approach (dividing the whole into separate parts), descriptive approach (describing), citing and referencing (using notes and quotes by other authors), deductive approach (making conclusions based on the general knowledge) and statistical analysis. Data was gathered by means of a questionnaire and then processed using a computer and shown in the form of charts and tables. We used two programs, Microsoft Excel and SPSS 17.0. To process the statistical data we used the methods of description and analysis. Results: Based on the analysed data, we believe that the dialysis nurses are not subjected to burnout, but have an average level of efficiency, they are overburdened and have a stressful workplace. Nurses take the time to regularly exercise and relax, they see their work at the dialysis centre as interesting and perceive it as a challenge rather than a chore. When they need help, they ask for it. Head nurses at the dialysis centres know how to praise their employees and how to run the dialysis wards efficiently. Conclusion: Due to thenature of this work, as it is very specific and because of the very demanding patients, we expected the results to be worse. However, we can now assert with confidence that the dialysis nurses are adept at their specific work with the dialysis patients. They know how to sympathise with their patients, and form friendships and trust with the regular patients that come forthe dialysis. This profoundly helps the nurses to overcomeobstacles and stress at the workplace.
Keywords:Burnout at the workplace, stress at the workplace, nurse, dialysis centre, employees.


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