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Title:“SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST” IN JACK LONDON’S THE CALL OF THE WILD
Authors:Predanič, Simona (Author)
Gadpaille, Michelle (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Predanic_Simona_2015.pdf (441,77 KB)
MD5: 38A12FC5B2545572E35D2D9E3FE2C343
 
Language:English
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:The subject of this graduation thesis is Jack London’s unconventional novel The Call of the Wild. The work falls into the genre of animal fiction, as the protagonist is a dog which possesses human attributes. The author’s philosophy of life is highly reflected in the book, as well as the influences of the survival philosophies of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer. The impact of Herbert Spencer’s “survival of the fittest” ethic on the author and its reflection in The Call of the Wild are the main focus of this study. To achieve this goal, historical research about the author’s biography, influences on his beliefs, survival theories of Herbert Spencer and Charles Darwin and facts about social Darwinism was conducted. Findings of the historical research were then used to conduct an analysis on the text. This investigation of the text showed that the “survival of the fittest” ethic does prevail throughout the work; however, Darwin’s ideas on sympathy are also reflected in some areas of the work, showing that the protagonist survives not merely because of his superior psycho-physical features but also because of the sympathy or affection expressed by other characters towards the protagonist.
Keywords:Jack London, canine protagonist, survival of the fittest, Herbert Spencer, Charles Darwin, sympathy, social Darwinism
Year of publishing:2015
Publisher:[S. Predanič]
Source:Maribor
UDC:821.111(73).09(043.2)
COBISS_ID:21401352 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:KPG6P02O
Views:1024
Downloads:70
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:“PREŽIVETJE NAJSPOSOBNEJŠIH” V KLICU DIVJINE JACKA LONDONA
Abstract:Predmet te diplomske naloge je nekonvencionalni roman Klic divjine Jacka Londona. Delo žanrsko sodi med živalske zgodbe, saj je protagonist pes, ki ima človeške lastnosti. Avtorjeva življenjska filozofija se močno odraža v knjigi, prav tako tudi vplivi preživetvenih filozofij Charlesa Darwina in Herberta Spencerja. Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti, kakšen vpliv je imela Spencerjeva etika »preživetja najsposobnejših« na avtorja in na kak način se ta odraža v Klicu divjine. Za dosego tega cilja sem preučila avtorjevo biografijo in vplive na njegova prepričanja; raziskala sem teoriji o preživetju Herberta Spencerja in Charlesa Darwina ter značilnosti socialnega darvinizma. Pridobljene informacije sem uporabila pri analizi besedila. Analiza je pokazala, da etika »preživetja najsposobnejših« prevladuje v besedilu, vendar je ponekod izražena tudi Darwinova ideja o sočutju, kar kaže na to, da protagonist ne preživi zgolj zaradi svojih superiornih psiho-fizičnih lastnosti, temveč tudi zaradi sočutja drugih likov do njega.
Keywords:Jack London, pasji protagonist, preživetje najsposobnejših, Herbert Spencer, Charles Darwin, sočutje, socialni darvinizem


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