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Izpis gradiva

Naslov:FLEKSIBILNOST TRGA DELA IN MOBILNOST MLADIH NA TRGU DELA V SLOVENIJI
Avtorji:Baloh, Mateja (Avtor)
Ovin, Rasto (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Datoteke:.pdf MAG_Baloh_Mateja_2014.pdf (1,25 MB)
 
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:EPF - Ekonomsko-poslovna fakulteta
Opis:Trg dela je opredeljen s povpraševanjem in ponudbo na trgu dela. Ker prihaja do prevelike ponudbe, glede na potrebe in povpraševanje na trgu dela, prihaja do visoke stopnje brezposelnosti. Trg dela se začne segmentirati, da pa bi prišlo do zmanjšanje brezposelnosti, pa je potrebna večja fleksibilnost oziroma sposobnost prilagajanja trga dela in njegovih glavnih akterjev. Brezposelnost, še posebej med mladimi, vpliva na celotno družbo in mlade potiska v še slabši življenjski položaj. Dolgotrajna brezposelnost ima lahko nezaželene učinke tudi na nadaljnji poti mladih na trgu dela. Visoka brezposelnost med mladimi v Sloveniji je problem, zato je predvsem fleksibilen trg dela tisti, ki se na takšne šoke prilagaja in za katerega je značilna in zaželena mobilnost delovne sile. Mladi so v današnjem času premalo mobilni, vzroki so lahko na osebnostni ravni posameznika ali pa zaradi okoljskih dejavnikov. Problematika se kaže tudi v pomanjkanju novih delovnih mest, ki bi mladim omogočale hitrejši prehod iz izobraževalnega sistema na trg dela in hkrati socialno varnost. Problematika visoke brezposelnosti je povezana tudi s fleksibilnimi oblikami zaposlitve, med katere v Sloveniji spada študentsko delo in sam sistem izobraževanja, ki je nastavljen na teoretični osnovi. Pomemben vpliv na stanje na trgu dela pa imajo podjetja, ki bi s fleksibilnimi oblikami zaposlitve ustvarjala večjo fleksibilnost trga dela. Podjetja se morajo za uspešnejšo konkurenčnost še hitreje prilagajati šokom na trgu dela in to lahko dosežejo s čim večjim obsegom fleksibilnih oblik zaposlitev in usmerjenostjo h kolektivnemu razmišljanju. Podjetjem pa zraven kriznih časov dodatno problematiko predstavlja slovenski tog trg dela, z visokim varovanjem zaposlitve. V ta namen se izvajajo številne reforme dela, ki naj bi zmanjšale brezposelnost in finančno spodbudile mlade, da bi se znali lažje prilagajati spremembam na trgu dela ter finančno spodbudile tudi podjetja. Vrzel med potencialno mobilnostjo mladih in dejansko mobilnostjo je velika, saj se mladi kljub slabim zaposlitvenim možnostim redko odločajo za delovno mobilnost. Delež visoko izobraženih se iz leta v leto zvišuje, potrebe trga dela pa se razlikujejo od dejanske ponudbe. Mladi se vse bolj oklepajo svoje dosežene izobrazbe, zato so slabše poklicno mobilni. Za to so delno kriva tudi podjetja, ki imajo zaradi velike ponudbe na trgu dela možnost iskati primeren in hkrati za njih cenejši kader, za določeno delovno mesto. Skozi našo analizo smo ugotovili, da so mladi pripravljeni zapustiti domače okolje zaradi dela, odločali bi se tudi za slabše plačana delovna mesta, kljub temu pa bi jim glavno motivacijo za mobilnost predstavljala plača. Kot študentje so lažje in hitreje prihajali do novih zaposlitev, vendar pa kljub temu niso pridobili potrebnih izkušenj, da bi sedaj na trgu dela nastopali kot zanimiv in povpraševan kader. Delodajalcem pa je v teh kriznih časih izrednega pomena finančni vidik zaposlovanja. Pripravljeni so vlagati v nov, potencialni kader, vendar vidijo slabo pomoč s strani države.
Ključne besede:brezposelnost, fleksibilnost trga dela, mobilnost na trgu dela, študentsko delo, izobraževalni sistem, mladi na trgu dela, poslovno okolje
Leto izida:2014
Založnik:[M. Baloh]
Izvor:Maribor
UDK:331.5
COBISS_ID:11850524 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:O5FFLYRV
Število ogledov:1724
Število prenosov:258
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:EPF
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:LABOUR MARKET FLEXIBILITY AND YOUTH MOBILITY IN THE SLOVENIAN LABOUR MARKET
Opis:Labour market is defined with supply and demand. Very big supply on the labour market, according to the needs and the demand, leads to a high level of unemployment. The labour market begins to segment, but it takes a lot more flexibility or the ability to adapt in order to reduce the level of unemployment. Unemployment, especially with young people, influences the whole society and forces the young into unfavorable life situation. Long-term unemployment can have undesirable effects also on the further path of the young in the labour market. High level of unemployment amongst young people in Slovenia is a problem, so it is particularly flexible labour market the one that adapts to such shocks and which is characterized by labor mobility. The young today are not very mobile, what may be the result of the individual's personal aspect or because of the environmental factors. This problem is also the result of the lack of new jobs, which would enable the young faster transition from educational system to labour market and also social security. The problem of high unemployment is also associated with flexible forms of employment, one of those in Slovenia is student work and the educational system itself, which is based on theoretical ground. Important part on the labour market also have companies which would, with flexible forms of employment, create a bigger flexibility on the labour market. In order to be successful and emulative on the labour market companies have to be able of fast adjustment to shocks on labour market, which can be achieved by as big as possible amount of flexible forms of employment and with orientation to collective thinking. It is not only the hard time we live in but also the rigid Slovenian labour market with high employment protection what causes a lot of problems to our companies. For this purpose there are several reforms of work which would decrease the level of unemployment and financially encourage the young to easier adapt to changes on the labour market and also financially encourage companies. The gap between potential and actual mobility amongst the young is big because the young, despite poor employment opportunities, do not choose labour mobility. The amount of highly educated people is bigger from year to year and the needs on labour market differ from the actual offer. The young hang on their achieved education and because of that they are professionally less mobile. Partly to blame are also companies, which have a big supply on labour market and so an option to look for cheaper cadre for particular work position. Through our analysis we found that young people are willing to leave their home environment in order to find work, they would also accept the lower paid jobs, because their main motivation for mobility presents the salary. As students they found new job opportunities faster and easier but did not get the necessary experience to be an interesting, wanted candidate on labour market. The financial aspect of employment is very important for companies in these crisis times. They are prepared to invest into new, potential cadre, but the help of the country is poor.
Ključne besede:unemployment, flexibility of labour market, mobility on labour market, student work, educational system, the young on the labour market, business environment.


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