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Title:Spominske napake v povezavi z uporabo zasliševalskih tehnik : diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študija
Authors:Bulovec, Luka (Author)
Areh, Igor (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Bulovec_Luka_2014.pdf (874,20 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Zasliševalske tehnike pridobivajo podatke od osumljencev s pomočjo psihičnega pritiska. Psihični stres lahko povzroči amnezijo in druge spominske napake, ki imajo negativen učinek na pridobitev podatkov. V tem pogledu primerjam razširjene zasliševalske tehnike, Reidovo tehniko in model P. E. A. C. E.. Poskušam ugotoviti koliko stresa povzročijo in na kakšen način. Iz dobljenih podatkov sklepam na razvoj stresa pri posamezni zasliševalski tehniki med zaslišanjem in njegove učinke na um in telo, ki lahko vplivajo na spomin. Ugotovim možnost pojava psihične travme s simptomi anksioznosti, depresije, akutne stresne motnje in postravmatske stresne motnje, ter pojava funkcionalnih in strukturnih sprememb v možganih, povezanih z delovanjem amigdalinih teles, prefrontalne skorje in motnjami v celičnih biokemičnih procesih med odzivom na stres. Možnost njihovega pojava narašča z intenzivnostjo in trajanjem stresa med zaslišanjem. Te psihične motnje in abnormalnosti v delovanju možganov so povezane z delovanjem spomina in vplivajo na nastanek spominskih napak povezanih z amnezijo, konfabulacijami, sugestijo in halucinacijami. Med zaslišanjem se pojavljajo v povezavi z ostalimi simptomi teh motenj in postopoma naraščajo. Njihov pojav je verjetneši če zaslišanje sledi predhodnemu travmatičnemu dogodku v življenju osumljenca. Povzročajo nenamerno zavajanje in izgubo spomina pri osumljencu. V skrajnih primerih je sposobnost spomina blizu ugibanja. Posledica so nezavedne lažne izjave, informacije in priznanja.
Keywords:zaslišanje, tehnike, spominske zmote, diplomske naloge
Year of publishing:2014
Publisher:L. Bulovec]
Source:[Ljubljana
UDC:159.9:340.6(043.2)
COBISS_ID:2871274 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:GZDOVW7K
Views:849
Downloads:143
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:Interogation techniques rely on psychological pressure to gain information from the suspect. Mental stres can cause amnesia and other memory failures. Having a negative effect on the acquuisition of information. In this respect, I compare enhanced interogation techniques, Reid technique and model P. E. A. C. E.. Trying to figure out how much stress they can cause and in what manner. From the obtained data, I presume on the development of stress in individual interogation technique during the interogation and its effects on mind and body, which can affect memory. I find out the possibility of the occurrence of psychological trauma with symptoms of anxiety, depression, acute stress disorder and post – traumatic stress disorder and the emergence of a functional and structural changes in the brain connected with function of amygdala, prefrontal cortex and disturbance in cellular biochemical processes during stress response. Possibility increases with the intensity and duration of stress during the interogation. These psychological disorders and abnormalities in the functioning of the brain are associated with the operation of memory and affect the formation of memory defects associated with amnesia, confabulations, sugesstion and hallucination. During the interogation, they appear in conjunction with other symptoms of these disorders and are gradually increasing. Their occurrence is more likely in case of a preceding traumatic event in suspects life. In extrem cases is ability of memory near guessing. Causing unintentional deception and memory loss in a suspect. Resulting in involuntary false declarations, informations and confessions.


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