|Opis:||Theoretical starting points, aim: The basic goal of every society regarding health and health care is, generally, to improve the health of the population and to consequently reduce the burden of illness, to reduce inequality regarding health and to ensure a system, which will enable every individual, when ill, a just, timely and good-quality medical care and a reasonably fast recovery. Health itself is influenced by many intertwined factors, or so-called health determinants. Health strengthening and health protection for every individual demands a comprehensive view and cooperation between the individual and the whole society. The aim of this analysis is to describe study and analyse the living conditions regarding the Roma population in the Dolenjska region and to suggest the necessary steps that need to be taken in order to improve the availability of health care services. In order to work with the Roma population, it is necessary to take into account their cultural and ethnical characteristics. Their low level of education cannot be ignored and due to this, special care for the preparation of adequate learning material must be given.
Research methodology: In this research, quantitative methodology has been used. Within the empirical part, we have analysed the data with the help of Student T-test and other statistical tests, gathered by using the survey questionnaire, which was distributed in four major Roma settlements, which differ from each other regarding the quality of living conditions, the number of family members and their economic status.
Results: More than half of the Roma population surveyed confirmed that they do not live a healthy life. Their nutrition is varied, as 26 % most often eat meat and 20 % bread, while 8 % eat vegetables, and 1,5 % eat eggs. 63,7 % of the surveyed Roma are smokers, among whom 10 % started to smoke at the age of ten. 96 % of the interviewed have already tried drugs or alcohol. 47 % of the Roma women claim that they do not lead a healthy life and do not see the gynaecologist when pregnant. Among the surveyed Roma women, there are 40 % who gave birth before sixteen years of age. The survey suggests that all those surveyed Roma, who have a regular job, also live a healthy life, while the surveyed Roma, who are on social support and other social benefits, do not live a healthy life.
Conclusion: The surveyed Roma population is among the socially endangered population groups with increased health risks, as most of them live in unsuitable living conditions, in many cases even without basic living options, which is also connected with unsuitable hygiene and nutrition; both factors thus indirectly increase the level of health risk. The low economic status and the population´s illiteracy are the main reasons for their lack of information regarding health care and consequently for their low understanding of the importance of good health, which can be frequently observed in the lack of any forms of preventive health care.|