| | SLO | ENG | Piškotki in zasebnost

Večja pisava | Manjša pisava

Izpis gradiva

Naslov:IZBOLJŠANJE OZAVEŠČANJA O ZDRAVJU KOT VREDNOTI MED DOLENJSKIMI ROMI
Avtorji:Bojanc, Stanka (Avtor)
Pajnkihar, Majda (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Goriup, Jana (Komentor)
Datoteke:.pdf MAG_Bojanc_Stanka_2014.pdf (1,67 MB)
MD5: E929CC04C9B9BD6CA613B51FF016B8D3
 
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:FZV - Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede
Opis:Teoretična izhodišča, namen: Temeljni cilj vsake družbe na področju zdravja in zdravstvenega varstva je izboljšati zdravje prebivalstva in zmanjšati breme bolezni, zmanjševati neenakosti glede zdravja ter zagotoviti sistem, ki posamezniku v bolezni zagotavlja pravično, pravočasno in kakovostno oskrbo ter čimprejšnjo povrnitev zdravja. Na zdravje vplivajo številni med seboj prepleteni dejavniki, t. i. determinante zdravja. Krepitev in varovanje zdravja posameznika pa zahtevata celovit pogled in sodelovanje tako posameznika kakor celotne družbe. Namen raziskave je opisati, raziskati in analizirati življenjske razmere, v katerih živijo dolenjski Romi ter opozoriti na potrebne ukrepe za izboljšanje dostopnosti do zdravstvenih storitev za Rome na območju Dolenjske. K delu z Romi je potrebno pristopiti etnično občutljivo. Prezrta ne sme biti nizka izobrazbena raven Romov, pripravi primernih učnih pripomočkov zanje pa posvečena posebna skrb. Raziskovalna metodologija: V raziskavi smo uporabili kvantitativno metodologijo. V okviru empiričnega dela smo s pomočjo Student t-testa ter ostalih statističnih testov obdelali podatke, pridobljene z anketnim vprašalnikom, ki smo ga razdelili v štirih največjih romskih naseljih, ki se razlikujejo po urejenosti bivalnih razmer, številčnosti družin in njihovega ekonomskega statusa. Rezultati: Več kot polovica Romov je v raziskavi potrdila, da ne živi zdravo. Njihova prehrana je raznolika, najpogosteje uživajo meso 26 % in kruh 20 %, zelenjavo 8 % in jajca 1,5 %. 63,7 % Romov je kadilcev, 10 % jih je začelo kaditi pri 10-ih letih starosti. 96 % jih je že poskusilo drogo ali alkohol. 47 % Romkinj, ki že same trdijo, da ne živijo zdravo ne obiskujejo ginekologa v času nosečnosti. Med temi Romkinjami najdemo 40 % takih, ki so rodile pred 16. letom starosti. Iz raziskave sledi, da vsi Romi, ki imajo redno službo, živijo zdravo. Romi, ki se preživljajo s prejemki socialnih pomoči in drugimi občasnimi prejemki, pa so odgovorili, da ne živijo zdravo. Sklep: Romska populacija sodi med socialno ogrožene skupine prebivalstva s povečanim tveganjem glede zdravja. Večina jih živi v neustreznih življenjskih razmerah, mnogokrat celo brez osnovnih življenjskih možnosti, s čimer sta povezani neustrezna higiena in slaba prehrana. Oba dejavnika neposredno zvišujeta stopnjo zdravstvene ogroženosti. Slab ekonomski položaj in neizobraženost populacije sta razloga za zdravstveno neinformiranost in nizko ozaveščenost o pomenu zdravja, kar se pogosto odraža v odsotnosti preventivnih oblik zdravstvenega varstva.
Ključne besede:Romi, socialne determinante zdravja, nacionalne strategije, nacionalni program ukrepov za Rome, plani ukrepov za Rome, zdravstvena preventiva, politika zdravja
Leto izida:2014
Založnik:[S. Bojanc]
Izvor:Maribor
UDK:613(=214.58)
COBISS_ID:2063012 Novo okno
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:KXODV5NA
Število ogledov:1387
Število prenosov:137
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:FZV
:
  
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
Objavi na:AddThis
AddThis uporablja piškotke, za katere potrebujemo vaše privoljenje.
Uredi privoljenje...

Postavite miškin kazalec na naslov za izpis povzetka. Klik na naslov izpiše podrobnosti ali sproži prenos.

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:IMPROVING HEALTH AWARENESS AS A VALUE AMONG THE ROMA PEOPLE IN THE DOLENJSKA REGION
Opis:Theoretical starting points, aim: The basic goal of every society regarding health and health care is, generally, to improve the health of the population and to consequently reduce the burden of illness, to reduce inequality regarding health and to ensure a system, which will enable every individual, when ill, a just, timely and good-quality medical care and a reasonably fast recovery. Health itself is influenced by many intertwined factors, or so-called health determinants. Health strengthening and health protection for every individual demands a comprehensive view and cooperation between the individual and the whole society. The aim of this analysis is to describe study and analyse the living conditions regarding the Roma population in the Dolenjska region and to suggest the necessary steps that need to be taken in order to improve the availability of health care services. In order to work with the Roma population, it is necessary to take into account their cultural and ethnical characteristics. Their low level of education cannot be ignored and due to this, special care for the preparation of adequate learning material must be given. Research methodology: In this research, quantitative methodology has been used. Within the empirical part, we have analysed the data with the help of Student T-test and other statistical tests, gathered by using the survey questionnaire, which was distributed in four major Roma settlements, which differ from each other regarding the quality of living conditions, the number of family members and their economic status. Results: More than half of the Roma population surveyed confirmed that they do not live a healthy life. Their nutrition is varied, as 26 % most often eat meat and 20 % bread, while 8 % eat vegetables, and 1,5 % eat eggs. 63,7 % of the surveyed Roma are smokers, among whom 10 % started to smoke at the age of ten. 96 % of the interviewed have already tried drugs or alcohol. 47 % of the Roma women claim that they do not lead a healthy life and do not see the gynaecologist when pregnant. Among the surveyed Roma women, there are 40 % who gave birth before sixteen years of age. The survey suggests that all those surveyed Roma, who have a regular job, also live a healthy life, while the surveyed Roma, who are on social support and other social benefits, do not live a healthy life. Conclusion: The surveyed Roma population is among the socially endangered population groups with increased health risks, as most of them live in unsuitable living conditions, in many cases even without basic living options, which is also connected with unsuitable hygiene and nutrition; both factors thus indirectly increase the level of health risk. The low economic status and the population´s illiteracy are the main reasons for their lack of information regarding health care and consequently for their low understanding of the importance of good health, which can be frequently observed in the lack of any forms of preventive health care.
Ključne besede:The Roma population, social health determinants, national strategy, national Roma health measures programme, national Roma health procedures plan, Roma health procedures plan, medical prevention, health politics.


Komentarji

Dodaj komentar

Za komentiranje se morate prijaviti.

Komentarji (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
Ni komentarjev!

Nazaj
Logotipi partnerjev Univerza v Mariboru Univerza v Ljubljani Univerza na Primorskem Univerza v Novi Gorici