|Opis:||Despite all the technological advancements, which make todays life easier, we feel more and more often difficult to resist daily pressures. Useful advice is therefore necessary to manage and control endless requirements when trying to coordinate work and home commitments. Due to excessive workloads, employees are constantly under stress at the workplace, therefore it is necessary to introduce solutions that will help to manage all these problems better and bring at least some peace and concentration into life.
Causes of stress can originate from the inner self of an individual, or, are the result of his/her environment, whether social or work environment. If the employee works in an environment, which is often stressful, he/she rapidly succumbs to disorders, which are caused by anxiety and lead to tension and panic attacks, which can completely exhaust an individual and in more severe forms cause serious mental health disorders.
Stress does not affect the individual only but also the organization in which the employee works and society as a whole. Consequences, brought about by stress can be emotional, behavioural or physical, and represent the way the organism responds to changes and at the same time lead to significant costs for the organization. The worst effects of stress on the individual level are burnout, exhaustion, chronic fatigue and in the worst case death due to excessive stress. At the organizational level, stress leads to costs associated with sick leaves and medical costs of employees, absenteeism costs, premature retirement and court costs, costs incurred due to damage done to the equipment, loss of productivity and in some cases, loss of goodwill and reputation. Notwithstanding all of the above, corporate executives often look the other way when it comes to this problem and do not wish to deal with stress of their employees, as they believe that stress is a problem of the individual and that they should deal with it themselves.
The fact, that stress can be completely avoided is inconceivable. Stress cannot be avoided. It is a part of everyday life and is present in the domestic and work environment. That is exactly why skills, which manage stress are the most important, since they enable finding equilibrium on various areas of life and thus maintain physical and mental health. The most common ways to deal with stress are various relaxation techniques. With them it is possible to find out how to adapt behaviours and complement lifestyle with strategies. If employees are aware of negative effects of stress and try to cope with and overcome them, they can significantly contribute to the success of the entire organization.
Stressors, due to which employees are mostly under stress, are: type of employment, boundaries between work and non-work, role definitions, organizational factors, harassment and violence at the workplace, various working conditions and also organizational climate and culture. However, it is necessary to be aware that the stress is not always bad. It often has a stimulating effect, and allows advancement in life and an easier achievement of objectives. What we should be aware of is the intensity and duration of stressful conditions that may have adverse effects on health.
The study, which examined the management of stress at the workplace, showed how to deal with pressures and tensions of life, how to deal with stress and how to manage it in the easiest fashion. The Master's thesis is divided into several sections. The basic two sections are the theoretical and empirical aspect of the problem. The first, the theoretical part focuses on the definition of and dealing with stress at the workplace and also describes stress management at the workplace, presenting measures to deal with stress on an individual and systemic level in detail. At the end of the theoretical part techniques for stress management or relaxation techniques and strategies to reduce stress among employees are described. In the second empirical part of the master's thesis the company Tames d.o.o. is presented|