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Title:Hipertenzija pri starejših osebah
Authors:Dobrotić, Martina (Author)
Ribič, Tatjana (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Dobrotic_Martina_2014.pdf (1,12 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Visok krvni tlak (arterijska hipertenzija) je najpogostejše srčno-žilno bolezensko stanje. Arterijska hipertenzija ima na zdravstveno stanje prebivalstva vsake razvite ali srednje razvite države na svetu ogromen vpliv. Doslej še ni uspelo zadovoljivo zmanjšati posledic te bolezni. Verjeten vzrok je neustrezno zdravljenje visokega krvnega tlaka. V diplomskem delu smo opisali krvni tlak, predstavili nevarnosti za povišan krvni tlak, dejavnike tveganja in posledice za nastanek krvnega tlaka. Opisali smo zdravstveno vzgojno delo in naloge diplomirane medicinske sestre pri preprečevanju visokega krvnega tlaka. V teoretičnem delu diplomske naloge smo predstavili definicijo krvnega tlaka, kako ga merimo, epidemiologojo in etiologijo krvnega tlaka, dejavnike tveganja in posledice ter zdravljenje in preventivo arterijske hipertenzije. Metodologija raziskovanja: Uporabili smo deskriptivno metodo dela, za pridobitev želenih podatkov pa smo uporabili anonimen anketni vprašalnik, ki je vseboval 15 vprašanj. Sodelovalo je 50 starostnikov Doma za starejše Šebrek. Rezultati raziskave: Glede na pridobljene rezultate smo ugotovili, da veliko anketiranih ne živi zdravega načina življenja, upoštevajo navodila glede predpisane terapije, za spremembo življenskega sloga pa so pripravljeni narediti malo. Večina jih pozna simptome, ki se pojavijo pri visokem krvnem tlaku ter dejavnike tveganja, niso pa seznanjeni s posledicami visokega krvnega tlaka. Zato je zelo pomembna zdravstvena vzgoja in preventivno delo diplomirane medicinske sestre. Sklep: Z dobrim poznavanjem dejavnikov tveganja in z večjo osveščenostjo ljudi o visokem krvnem tlaku lažje in bolje načrtujemo zdravstveno vzgojo ljudi. Zato je preventivno delo diplomirane medicinske sestre pomembno.
Keywords:krvni tlak, arterijska hipertenzija, zdravstvena vzgoja, nezdrav način življenja, dejavniki tveganja, medicinska sestra
Year of publishing:2014
Publisher:[M. Dobrotić]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616.12-008.331.1(043.2)
COBISS_ID:2023588 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:ZGSKEHXU
Views:1159
Downloads:265
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Hypertension in the elderly
Abstract:High blood pressure (arterial hypertension) is the most common cardiovascular condition. Arterial hypertension is a common health condition in developed and less developed countries. Until now, no one has been able to decrease the occurrence of this ailment. The most probable cause for this is the inadequacy of the available high blood pressure treatments. In this work, we have given a definition of what blood pressure is and we have stated that risk factors might point out that a person can develop this condition. We have also stated what the possible outcomes of having high blood pressure are/could be. The duties, regulations, and work tasks, which the medical staff (i.e. nurses) must adhere to if a patient has been diagnosed with arterial hypertension, have also been described. In the theoretical section, we have described ways of measuring blood pressure, and the etymology and aetiology of the said condition, as well as risk factors and prognosis. The treatment process and prevention of arterial hypertension have also been described. Survey methodology. We used a descriptive method of work to obtain the desired data. Therefore, we used an anonymous questionnaire, which consisted of 15 questions. Fifty elderly people participated from the Retirement home Šebrek. Research results. According to the gathered data, it has been concluded that the majority of the participants in the research lead an unhealthy lifestyle. They do, however, adhere to the prescribed therapy, although they are not willing to change their current lifestyle. The participants were well aware of high blood pressure risks and factors, but were not aware of the consequences of the said condition. It is, therefore, crucial to make sure that the nurses (medical staff) possess the necessary degree of health education to ensure that preventative measures, they are taking, prove effective. Conclusion. According to the awareness of risk factors and education of people in the high blood pressure, we can plan health education better. Therefore, prevention work of nurses is important.
Keywords:blood pressure, arterial hipertension, health education, unhealthy lifestyle, risk factors, nurse.


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