|Opis:||Although a social issue, juvenile delinquency still remains a very vague field. Early criminological research in the middle of the twentieth century stressed the role of parents in the upbringing of the child, while modern literature highlights the importance of the elements such as criminogenic setting and especially criminogenic peers. This doctoral thesis presents the results of SPMAD study (Study of Parental Monitoring and Adolescent Delinquency), a replication of the PADS+ study (Peterborough Adolescent Delinquency Study). Quantitative as well as qualitative research methods were employed to verify whether a link exists between parental monitoring/surveillance and adolescent delinquent acts. The study was conducted in 2011 in thirteen elementary schools and nine high schools in Ljubljana. It included surveys and interviews and a total of 818 surveys and interviews were collected. Of these, 409 participants attended the sixth class of primary school and 409 the first year of secondary school.
The research results show that the crime committed was best predicted by the frequently used measurement tool first named "parental monitoring" and later renamed to "parental knowledge", since it measures how much parents know about the adolescent’s activities. This factor had an impact on the majority of regression models in both the primary school population, where it explained a quarter of variance of the dependent variable of alcohol intoxication in life, as well as in the high school population, where it explained almost a fifth of explained variance in the dependent variable of shoplifting and amphetamine use. In the primary school sample the second most significant factor “unsupervised leisure time with peers” had the greatest influence on the dependent variable of destroying other people's property, while in the secondary school sample the greatest impact was observed on alcohol intoxication (it had a minor impact on arrests, fights, smoking, using drugs). Discipline, the third most relevant part of the questionnaire, based on the explained variance of the dependent variables, was defined as physical punishment in the primary school questionnaire, while in high school questionnaire it was identified as parental enforcement of consequences in the case of unwanted adolescent behaviour. In accordance with similar studies conducted abroad, discipline exerted statistically significant impact only on the secondary school sample (i.e. in the absence of questions about physical punishment) with the dependent variables of theft, extortion, and use of amphetamines. With factors of attachment to family and family support a significant impact on delinquency was not observed.
A study of different methods of parental monitoring/surveillance and its impact on adolescent delinquency has not yet been made in Slovenia. This study also represents the first application of the PADS+ methodology in the country. The findings contribute to the enrichment of Slovene criminology field and can furthermore be applied in practice: in education, social work (working with adolescents), as well as justice system (dealing with adolescents). |