| | SLO | ENG | Cookies and privacy

Bigger font | Smaller font

Show document

Title:ŠALEŠKA DOLINA V ČASU PRVE SVETOVNE VOJNE (1914-1918)
Authors:Šmon, Dijana (Author)
Friš, Darko (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Ravnikar, Anton (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf UNI_Smon_Dijana_2013.pdf (1,92 MB)
MD5: 141FBF7B0168B928DB2AAF424D9508AF
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Čas prve svetovne vojne ostaja v človeški zgodovini kot ena izmed poglavitnih prelomnic človeštva ter eno izmed najtežjih zgodovinskih obdobij, katerega posledice so spremenile razmerja med državami in podobo sveta, Evrope, Slovenije ter posledično tudi Šaleške doline. Slovenci so v času prve svetovne vojne živeli pod tujo upravo, ki je vplivala na vsa družbeno-kulturna in politična področja. Z mobilizacijo so ostali kraji Šaleške doline povsem brez delovne sile, kar je oslabilo gospodarstvo in okrnilo izvedbo pouka v šolah, saj so moške vloge doma prevzeli otroci. Zaradi rekvizicij in velikih potreb vojske je ljudem primanjkovalo tudi osnovnih potrebščin za preživetje, ki so jih od leta 1914 dalje dobili še samo na karte. Tuja oblast se je kazala v ustanavljanju nemških ustanov, zavodov, društev in prevladi nemškega prebivalstva v mestnih upravah. Dve izmed večjih gospodarskih panog v Šaleški dolini, ki sta se ohranjali, sta bili rudarstvo in usnjarstvo z družino Vošnjak. V premogovniku je delovanje prevzela vojaška uprava, v usnjarni v Šoštanju pa so se borili s pomanjkanjem delavcev. Kljub vojni pa je slovensko prebivalstvo želelo ohranjati narodno zavest s številnimi društvi (Družba Cirila in Metoda, Sokol) in obdržati kulturno življenje s prirejanjem različnih gledaliških predstav. Težnje po neodvisnosti slovenskega naroda so se pojavile že med vojno in so se z Majniško deklaracijo 30. maja 1917 razvile v vseslovensko deklaracijsko gibanje. Preobrati na vojnih frontah so ob koncu leta 1918 pripeljali do konca prve svetovne vojne in slovenskemu narodu se je uspelo rešiti tuje nadoblasti ter povezati z južnoslovanskimi narodi v novo državno tvorbo, ki je omogočila samoodločbo narodov ter avtonomijo ljudstev znotraj le-te z enotnim političnim vodstvom.
Keywords:Šaleška dolina, prva svetovna vojna, vojaška uprava, življenjske razmere, gospodarstvo, slovensko-nemški odnosi, jugoslovansko gibanje, deklaracijsko gibanje, čas prevrata.
Year of publishing:2013
Publisher:[D. Šmon]
Source:Maribor
UDC:94(497.4)"1914/1918"(043.2)
COBISS_ID:20379656 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:UXTAL7GE
Views:1917
Downloads:274
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
:
  
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only for logged in users.
Share:AddThis
AddThis uses cookies that require your consent. Edit consent...

Hover the mouse pointer over a document title to show the abstract or click on the title to get all document metadata.

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:ŠALEŠKA VALLEY IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR (1914-1918)
Abstract:First world war remains in the human history as one of the main barriers of all humankind and one of the toughest historical periods. It changed the relations between all countries and the general image of the world, Europe, Slovenia and consequently the Šaleška valley. Slovenians lived during the World War I under a foreign administration which affected all social-cultural and political areas. Mobilization took all manpower from Šaleška valley regions and children’s education suffered because pupils had to work at home. People lacked basic life requirements because all was taken by requisitions for military needs and consequently those requirements were assessable from the year 1914 on, only with cards for food. Foreign authority was seen in German institutions, associations, institutes and in their domination in town administrations. Two basic industries in Šaleška valley were mining industry and leather trade with Vošnjak family. On the one side mining was taken over by the military administration and on the other side the leather factory suffered from low number of labour. Despite the war, Slovene population wanted to maintain their national awareness with different societies (Ciril’s and Metod’s society, Sokol society) and preserve their cultural life with different plays. The idea of independence of Slovene nation appeared during the war and it developed with May’s declaration into all-Slovenian declaration movement. The development on the front resulted in the end of the war in the year 1918 and Slovenian nation was able to save themselves the foreign supremacy and connect themselves with other southern countries in a new state which would not arise without the development of South-Slavonic movement and the rise of national awareness in Slovenia and in other southern countries. In the new state formation they were able to have their own government and autonomy even though they were led by a united political body.
Keywords:Šaleška valley, World War I, military administration, living conditions, economy, Slovene-German relationships, South-Slavonic movement, declaration movement, the time of putsch.


Comments

Leave comment

You have to log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back
Logos of partners University of Maribor University of Ljubljana University of Primorska University of Nova Gorica