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Title:Preiskovanje nasilja, povezanega s telesnimi poškodbami : diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študija
Authors:Mijatovič, Rajko (Author)
Dvoršek, Anton (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Mijatovic_Rajko_2013.pdf (433,32 KB)
MD5: 9C51CCAE5447B9B89E7EDF914FED99FD
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Nasilje se izvršuje nad drugo nemočno osebo. Je pereč in pogost pojav v današnji družbi. Pojavlja se v vseh družbenih slojih in okoljih. Nikjer ni dopustno in zanj ni opravičila. Obstajajo različne vrste nasilja, vse prepoznamo po nasilnem odnosu do nekoga z uporabo sile. Nobena oblika ni zaželena. Nasilje se pogosto pojavlja v družinskih in partnerskih odnosih. Pri tem je potrebno vedeti, da so v kar 90 % žrtve nasilja ženske. Prav tako je veliko nasilja tudi nad otroki. Če je v igri še alkohol, so napadi nasilja toliko bolj močni in posledice bolj vidne. Otroci in ženske predstavljajo šibko skupino, ki se težje brani, in so zato tudi pogosteje žrtve nasilja. Telesne poškodbe so vidne posledice na ljudeh in njihova povzročitev pomeni kaznivo dejanje. Poznamo lahke, hude in posebno hude telesne poškodbe. Lahkih telesnih poškodb je največ, a jih je pogosto težko dokazati, saj je pri povzročitvi le-teh prisotna velika subjektivnost. Pri razjasnitvi tega pomaga zdravniška ocena poškodbe. V domači praksi pride do hudih telesnih poškodb pri pretepih, izsiljevanjih, raznih oblikah družinskega nasilja, kjer so pogosto žrtve ženske in otroci. Preiskovanje nasilja, povezanega s telesnimi poškodbami, se v slovenski praksi opravlja podobno kot preiskave ropov na osebe in preiskovanje posilstev. Pri kaznivem dejanju pride do stika med storilcem in žrtvijo, zato prijava pogosto naredi oškodovanec. Preiskovanje se po prijavi nadaljuje z iskanjem kraja dejanja in njegovim temeljitim ogledom, ki poda prvo sliko o tem, kaj bi se naj zgodilo. Nato sledi zbiranje obvestil od oškodovanca, iskanje morebitnih prič in očividcev, uporaba raznih evidenc in drugih primernih ukrepov. Zelo pomemben del preiskovanja pa predstavlja napotitev na izvedenski pregled telesnih poškodb. Sodni izvedenec na podlagi pregleda pove, za kakšno poškodbo gre, uporabljeno sredstvo, položaj žrtve in storilca ob pridobitvi telesne poškodbe. Ima pomembno vlogo pri opredelitvi kaznivega dejanja, ki ima za posledico telesno poškodbo.
Keywords:kazniva dejanja, nasilje, storilci, telesne poškodbe, preiskovanje, dokazi, forenzika, sodni izvedenci, izvedenska mnenja, diplomske naloge
Year of publishing:2013
Publisher:R. Mijatovič]
Source:[Ljubljana
UDC:343.98(043.2)
COBISS_ID:2597098 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:OQYWK8KK
Views:1354
Downloads:238
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:Violence is exercised over another helpless person. It is a serious and common occurrence in today's society. It occurs in all social groups and environments. There is no excuse or permission for it. There are different types of violence, all recognizable by the violent relationship to someone by force. No form of violence is desirable. Violence often occurs in family and partner relationships. In almost 90% of cases women are victims of violence by men. Children are also victims of violence. Influenced by alcohol, violent attacks get fiercer and leave more consequences. Women and children are the weaker group. They are unable to defend themselves and are therefore more susceptible to violence. Bodily injuries are visible consequences of violence and their cause is a criminal offense. We differentiate between light, serious and grievous bodily harm. Light injuries, are the most common one, but are often difficult to prove, because when proving their cause subjectivity arises. Damage estimate by a doctor usually helps with clarifications. In practice severe injuries occur in fights, extortion, various forms of domestic violence, where victims are often women and children. Investigation of violence associated with injury in Slovenian practice is performed similarly as a robbery investigation or as a rape investigation. With offense occurrence a contact between the perpetrator and the victim arises and is often reported by the victim. Investigation continues after notification by searching the crime scene and thorough analysis, which gives the first picture of what has happened. Following is the gather of information from the victim, witnesses and searching for any potential witnesses, use of various record evidence and other appropriate measures. A very important part of the investigation is a referral to visit an expert for the review of an injury. Judicial review on the basis of an expert decides what type of injury occurred, tools used and the position of victim and perpetrator while obtaining the injury. Experts review plays an important role in the definition of the offense, which resulted in bodily injury.


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