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Title:Zdravstvena nega odrasle osebe s cerebralno paralizo
Authors:Hiršel, Branka (Author)
Nerat, Jasmina (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Hirsel_Branka_2013.pdf (573,56 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Izhodišča: Cerebralna paraliza je skupno ime za neprogresivno okvaro možganov, nastalo zaradi škodljivosti, ki so delovale na nezrele možgane otroka v času nosečnosti, poroda in zgodnjem otroštvu. Posledica okvare je okvara motoričnih funkcij, ki je zaradi rasti dinamična. Povzroča razvoj sekundarnih deformacij in je v različnih starostnih obdobjih različna. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je bil na osnovi študije primera ugotoviti aktualne in potencialne negovalne probleme pri odrasli osebi s cerebralno paralizo, ter predstaviti vlogo in naloge medicinske sestre v zdravstveni negi odrasle osebe s cerebralno paralizo. Raziskovalna metodologija: Za izdelavo diplomskega dela smo uporabili opisno metodo dela, podatke smo pridobili iz strokovne literature, člankov in elektronskih virov. Študijo primera odrasle osebe s cerebralno paralizo smo izvedli v Centru za usposabljanje, delo in varstvo Dobrna v mesecu septembru 2011. Del podatkov smo pridobili s pomočjo intervjuja. Uporabili smo vprašalnik delno strukturirane narave. Druge podatke o obravnavani osebi smo pridobili še z merjenjem vitalnih funkcij, iz medicinske in negovalne dokumentacije in pogovora z zdravstvenim in multidisciplinarnim timom. Pri obravnavi smo uporabili procesno metodo dela. Rezultati: Rezultati študije primera so pokazali, da so aktualni in potencialni negovalni problemi pri odrasli osebi s cerebralno paralizo številni. Najpogostejše težave je zaslediti pri naslednjih življenjskih aktivnostih: prehranjevanju in pitju, odvajanju, izločanju, oblačenju in urejanju, čistoči in negi telesa, gibanju, izogibanju nevarnostim v okolju, komunikaciji, odnosih z ljudmi, izražanju čustev, potreb in občutkov. Sklep: Medicinska sestra mora pri svojem delu pristopati individualno, pridobiti si mora dodatna znanja za delo s takšno osebo. Seznaniti se mora tudi s pripomočki in prilagoditvami, ki jih oseba uporablja, pri izvajanju osnovnih življenjskih aktivnostih.
Keywords:Cerebralna paraliza, odrasla oseba, starost, zdravstveni problemi, zdravstvena nega.
Year of publishing:2013
Publisher:[B. Hiršel]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616.8-083
COBISS_ID:1895844 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:9DTOBEML
Views:1546
Downloads:311
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Nursing care of adult people with cerebral palsy
Abstract:Basis: Cerebral palsy is the common name for a non-progressive brain dysfunction caused by hazards to the brain of an unborn child, newborn or child in his early childhood. This condition causes the disorder of motor functions which varies depending on growth. It triggers the development of secondary deformations and differs according to age group. Purpose: The purpose of this case study based thesis is to determine the actual and potential health care problems for adults with Cerebral Palsy. I also presented the role of the nurse in the process of health care for adults with cerebral palsy. Research Methodology: In order to compete this thesis we used the descriptive method, data was obtained by use of technical literature, articles and electronic sources. The case study involving an adult with cerebral palsy was completed in the training, occupation and care center Dobrna on September 2011. Part of the data was obtained via interview. We used a semi-structured questionnaire. Other data was obtained from monitoring vital functions, medical and health care documentation and consultations with a health care and multidisciplinary team. During treatment we used the procedural work method. Results: Case study data shows that several potential and actual health care problems exist with adult cerebral palsy patients. The most common problems are found with every day routines such as: eating and drinking, withdrawal, secreting, dressing and tidying, cleanliness and body care, motion, avoiding dangers in environments, communication, relations with people, expressing emotions, needs and feelings. Conclusion: A health care nurse has to show individualism during her work, she also needs to obtain additional knowledge regarding work with such patients. In addition, she also has to get to know the utilities this person during everyday tasks.
Keywords:Cerebral palsy, adult, age, health issues, health care.


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