|Opis:||The diploma research titled Project work in elementary classes at primary school represents the qualities of project work in details. In its first, theoretical part deals with teachers’ awareness and knowledge about them which influences essentially on the quality of execution of project work. It contributes to qualitative movements within primary school work and affects entire life in general. It is important to stress the active role of pupils in their own engineering and deductive processes of gaining knowledge. The role of the teacher is also changed from a deliverer of knowledge to researcher, who pays attention to pupils’ incomplete understanding and wrong notions thoughtfully and systematically. (Rutar Ilc, 2003, page 173-174). That observation makes project work possible and establishes equality in relationship between a teacher and a pupil and enables them to learn in a cooperative way. Project work is based on group and team work and mutual arranging of goals. It develops many possibilities for independent and responsible acting. Pupils’ self-confidence strengthens and prepares them for further independent and professional life (Jank, Meyer, 2006, page 36; based upon Ivanuš Grmek idr., 2009, page 39).
The use of project work in the first and second stage of primary education is described within empirical part of this dissertation. It includes researches on frequency of usage of project work, investigates most successful projects, teachers’ appropriate kinds of knowledge used, places of execution of project work, teachers’ consideration of development and planning didactic processes, basic principles that guide teachers’ planning, the size of executed projects, teachers’ maintenance of pupils’ motivation, views and opinions on pupils’ involvement, quality and quantity of knowledge, acquired by project work, their opinion on popularity of project work among pupils and last but not least it presents important advantages and disadvantages that teachers attribute to using project work in educational process. |