| | SLO | ENG | Cookies and privacy

Bigger font | Smaller font

Show document

Title:MIGRACIJE V SEVEROVZHODNI SLOVENIJI PO 2. SVETOVNI VOJNI
Authors:Tratnjek, Tilen (Author)
Vodušek-Starič, Jerca (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Horvat, Uroš (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf UNI_Tratnjek_Tilen_2013.pdf (4,16 MB)
MD5: 92DBFC07562CA7C5E3D9E7568001E458
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:20. stoletje lahko upravičeno imenujemo "stoletje migracij". Trditev lahko prenesemo tudi v 21. stoletje, ko so selitve postale nekaj vsakdanjega. Migracije so bile na nivoju države Slovenije v tem obdobju zelo pestre, zato smo raziskovalno območje omejili le na nivo severovzhodne Slovenije. Pomembno je, da migracije ne obravnavamo le kot prostorske premike prebivalstva, pač pa kot globlji družbeni proces, ki pridobiva vedno večji pomen. Razumeti je treba tudi demografske procese in dejavnike teh procesov. 2. svetovna vojna predstavlja veliko ločnico v procesu migracij. Med potekom 2. svetovne vojne in tudi po njej imamo nešteto primerov političnih migracij. Največ migracij je nastalo zaradi prisile oblasti, nekatere pa zaradi bega ljudi v strahu pred grozečimi nevarnostmi. Prav tako je 2. svetovna vojna prinesla spremembo oblasti in režima. Jugoslavija je postala socialistična država z načrtovanim planskim gospodarstvom. Cilj novih oblasti je bil izvesti socialistično družbeno revolucijo, ki naj bi slonela na delavskih množicah. To je privedlo tudi do revolucije v procesu migracij. Slovenija je postala v šestdesetih letih imigracijska država, kar velja še danes, selitveni tokovi znotraj Slovenije pa so svobodni in množični. Značilen je bil proces bega prebivalstva iz podeželja v mesta, začel se je proces deagrarizacije. Povsem normalno je, da so bile migracije v obdobju, dolgem skoraj 70 let, zelo pestre ter so povzročile določene družbene spremembe. Kot drugo pomembno ločnico v raziskovalnem obdobju pa velja omeniti še leto 1991, ko je bila izvedena osamosvojitev Slovenije. Ponovni prehod v demokratičen in kapitalistični režim je povzročil spremembe tudi v selitvenem gibanju. Dejstvo, da je Slovenija leta 2004 postala tudi polnopravna članica Evropske unije, je dodatno prispevalo k pestrejšim migracijam, ki so del svetovnih gibanj.
Keywords:Ključne besede: prebivalstvo, migracije, naravno gibanje prebivalstva, selitveno gibanje prebivalstva, severovzhodna Slovenija.
Year of publishing:2013
Publisher:[T. Tratnjek]
Source:Maribor
UDC:93/94(043.2)
COBISS_ID:19644680 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:FHIXDWRS
Views:2491
Downloads:228
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
:
  
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only for logged in users.
Share:AddThis
AddThis uses cookies that require your consent. Edit consent...

Hover the mouse pointer over a document title to show the abstract or click on the title to get all document metadata.

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:MIGRATIONS IN NORTH-EAST SLOVENIA AFTER SECOND WORLD WAR
Abstract:The 20th century has been rightly named “the migration century”. The same can be said about the 21st century, where migration has become something entirely common. Migrations within the borders of Slovenia are very diverse, thus we limited our research to the area of North-East Slovenia. It is important not to look at migration only as a geographical movement of the population, but to define it as a deeper social process, that is gaining on importance. One also has to understand the demographic processes and the factors of these processes. The Second World War is considered a turning point in the migration process. During the war and after it, there were many cases of political migration. The most cases of migration were caused by the government. Other people ran away out of fear of the threatening dangers. The Second World War also brought about the change of the political regime and government in Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia became a socialist state with a planned economy. The aim of the new government was to enforce a socialist revolution that was based on the working people. This also led to a revolution in the migration process. In the 1960s Slovenia became an immigration state, which is still true today. The migration flow within Slovenia became free and massive. The most common was the process of migrating from the countryside into cities; the process of deagrarisation began. The migration in the 70 year long period was very variegated and caused certain social changes. Another important turning point was the year 1991 when Slovenia got independent. A transition back to a democratic and capitalist regime occurred, which caused changes in the migration process. The fact that Slovenia became a full member of the European Union also caused more various migrations, which are a part of the global movement.
Keywords:population, migration, natural population movement, migration movement, North-East Slovenia.


Comments

Leave comment

You have to log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back
Logos of partners University of Maribor University of Ljubljana University of Primorska University of Nova Gorica