|Opis:||Public information is the key tool of public control over the operation of the state and its institutions. Free access to public information implements the principle of a democratic state. Access to public information is nowadays provided and regulated by international legal acts, constitutions and, consequently, internal law of individual countries. It provides individuals with the ability to enjoy the basic human right - the right to know. Free access to information by public authorities provides for the public and open character of its bodies’ operation, and enables the exercise of individuals’ and legal entities’ right to acquire such information. Access can also be limited with absolute or relative grounds for exceptions to access, which on the one hand protects the interests of the individual and the state, and, on the other hand allows the disclosure of the requested information, whenever public interest in disclosure outweighs the interest to protect the secured information.
Democratic regime is based on equality for all, thus the distinction on the basis of any personal circumstance, therefore discrimination, is considered denial of a democratic society. In relation to discrimination in employment, we talk about the right to work, the right to equal treatment and the provision of equal opportunities. The right to work is a fundamental human right, which is also enabled by anti-discrimination legislation and the measures arising from it. The prevention and early detection of discrimination occurring at all levels of society and in various forms is extremely important, we thus talk about direct and indirect, structural, systemic or institutional and multiple discrimination. With regard to employment, despite the adopted legal norms, discrimination remains both before and during employment, and often even after the termination of employment.
Free access to public information is an important instrument of preventing discrimination in employment, particularly in the public sector. Accessibility to information on the employment selection procedures, information on salaries and allowances, procedures and eligibility for promotion and referral to education, help individuals to assert their own rights in cases when discrimination occurs. Access to public information very much facilitates the collection of documents in informal, administrative and judicial proceedings. However, free access is, unfortunately, not relevant to the private sector, where principle of entrepreneurial freedom applies, not providing the worker with access to public information. |