|Abstract:||A word stress originates from English and means burden or pressure. A term was introduced to medicine by Hans Selye in 1949. Stress involves three major components: factor of stressogen, individual with his own view on factor of stressogen and individual’s reaction to this factor. People feel stress because of several factors. The ones that come from the environment, like type of employment, demarcation between work and not to work, employee conflict of roles in working environment, role uncertainty, overload or lack of work, organizational factors, mobbing and working conditions. Non-environmental factors are stressful life events and daily life efforts.
Stress is everyday occurrence that cannot be escaped and brings many adverse effects. Not only individual can experience stress effects, but also organization where an individual is employed. Stress from the individual perspective mostly reflects in physical and psychological level, as well as behavioral reaction of the individual. The most common diseases and medical problems on physical level caused by stress are heart diseases, high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, headaches, cancer, spine problems, obesity and skin diseases. The most common illnesses and medical problems on psychological level are depression, anxiety, phobias, burnout syndrome, nightmares and insomnia. Behavioral reactions are probably going to change when an individual experiences stress, which normally reflects in too much smoking or alcohol drinking, drug misuse and eating disorders.
Stress consequences from the organization perspective reflect in the loss of attendance, many organizations pay high costs for early retirements and resignations of competent employees. Several changes can be introduced by organizations to avoid stress. Changes can be either job restructuring, working time flexibility, task specifications, integration of organizational climate and working conditions. Such intervention would make a significant contribution to greater satisfaction at work, which would help to reduce stress or even remedy it.
An individual himself can have a great impact on stress. The one should change a lifestyle in order to overcome stress effectively. This can be done with physical activity, healthy eating, yoga, meditation, medical hypnosis, massage, aromatherapy, cognitive methods and positive attitude.
Positive attitude can be understood as positive perception of living circumstances of an individual. All our thoughts reinforce into our subconscious. If we continue to think positive, we will definitely attract positive things and events and vice a versa. Solutions for positive thinking reflect in good relationships, emotional and physical health and positive self-esteem.
Characteristics of people with positive and negative attitude differ a lot. Optimistic people are mostly more determined, can handle easier with the problems and have better control over themselves and their lives. Those people have great self-confidence and always see solutions for existing problems. Employees with positive attitude are normally more creative, reliable, self-initiative, ambitious, organized and competitive.
Positive attitude has great impact on people’s health. Research has shown that people with positive attitude live longer than those with negative attitude; wounds and infections heel faster with optimistic people, they also have less emotional and physical problems. Positive thinking attitude strengthens immune system, which greatly increase ability to overcome illnesses.
Positive thinking will not solve all our problems and will not eliminate stress from our lives, but will ease to overcome stress and cope with everyday problems at home and at work. |