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Title:Vpliv različnih načinov obdelave tal na porabo goriva in rast ajde
Authors:Brodnjak, Matjaž (Author)
Stajnko, Denis (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Brodnjak_Matjaz_2012.pdf (1,96 MB)
MD5: DCE185C94E9AF5C70BB40E044E6E2C64
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FKBV - Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Abstract:Obdelava tal je največji porabnik pogonskega goriva pri pridelovanju poljščin. Danes zaradi visokih cen goriva veliko kmetij opušča konvencionalno obdelavo z oranjem in jo nadomešča s konzervirajočimi obdelavami. V diplomskem delu smo ugotavljali, kolikšna je poraba goriva pri različnih načinih obdelave tal in setvi ajde. Prav tako smo ugotavljali vpliv obdelave tal na vznik ajde, število plevelov in kaljenje predposevka. Za obdelavo tal smo uporabili standardni poljedelski traktor New Holland T6020 DELTA, 4-brazdni obračalni plug Lemken VariOpal 6 in rahljalnik Lemken Smaragd 9. Setev smo opravili s traktorjem New Holland TN75D ter sejalnico Lemken SAPHIR 7 Autoload. Povprečna poraba goriva pri rahljanju je bila 11,26 l/ha, pri oranju pa 31,05 l/ha. Vznik ajde je bil na oranih tleh 90,1 % , rahljanih 72,3 % in pri direktni setvi 68,4 %. Prav tako so bile rastline na oranih tleh višje kot na rahljanih. Ugotovili smo, da je za pridelavo ajde najbolj primeren konvencionalni način obdelave tal.
Keywords:obdelava tal, setev, poraba goriva, ajda, vznik
Year of publishing:2012
Source:Maribor
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:CVJYEK7C
Views:1599
Downloads:285
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Categories:FKBV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The influence of different ways of soil cultivation on fuel consumption and the growth of buckwheat
Abstract:Soil tillage is the largest consumer of fuel in the arable land production. Today, because of the high prices of fuel, many farms are giving up the conventional tillage with ploughing and are replacing it with conservation cultivation. In this diploma paper, we investigated the influence of different ways of soil tillage and sowing of buckwheat on the fuel consumption. In addition, we investigated the influence of tillage on the germination of buckwheat, the number of weed and the germination of the crop. For soil tillage, we used the standard New Holland T6020 DELTA tractor, the 4-furrow Lemken VariOpal 6 plough and Lemken Smaragd 9 chisel. We did the sowing with New Holland TN75D tractor and Lemken SAPHIR 7 Autoload seeder machine. The average fuel consumption when chisel the soil with chisel was 11. 26 l/h and 31.05 l/ha when ploughed. The buckwheat emergence on ploughed soil was 90.1 %, on chiselled soil 72.3 % and 68.4 % in direct sowing. The plant grew higher on ploughed soil than on chiselled soil. We found out that the conventional way of soil tillage is the most appropriate for growing buckwheat.
Keywords:soil tillage, fuel consumption, buckwheat, growth


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