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Title:MEDNARODNE DENARNE REZERVE CENTRALNIH BANK
Authors:Koljić, Sanja (Author)
Oplotnik, Žan Jan (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Koljic_Sanja_2012.pdf (736,58 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Final seminar paper (mb14)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:EPF - Faculty of Business and Economics
Abstract:Mednarodne denarne rezerve centralne banke uporabljajo predvsem za financiranje plačilnobilančnega primanjkljaja ter poravnavo mednarodnih plačilnih obveznosti s strani centralne banke. Med drugim centralne banke mednarodne denarne rezerve uporabljajo za odpravljanje ali preprečevanje nastanka plačilnobilančnih neravnovesij, s tem da vplivajo na devizni tečaj s posegi na deviznem trgu. Torej glavni razlog, da centralne banke imajo mednarodne denarne rezerve je možnost nastanka plačilnobilančnega primanjkljaja, ki ga pa same ne bi mogle ali hotele odpraviti z drugimi mehanizmi plačilnobilančnega prilagajanja. V diplomskem seminarju proučujemo mednarodni denarni sistem, Mednarodni denarni sklad, mednarodne denarne rezerve, pri čemer je poudarek na monetarnem zlatu, deviznih rezervah, rezervni poziciji pri Mednarodnem denarnem skladu ter posebnih pravicah črpanja (SDRs ̶ Special Drawing Rights), mednarodno likvidnost in mednarodne denarne rezerve Slovenije. Pri raziskavi nisem mogla izvesti anketnega vprašalnika ali intervjuja, zato sem podatke poiskala na internetnih straneh posameznih centralnih bank in jih vključila v svojo raziskavo. V raziskavi sem proučevala strukturo mednarodnih denarnih rezerv centralnih bank, torej obseg deviznih rezerv, monetarnega zlata, rezervne pozicije in posebnih pravic črpanja. Sama raziskava nam je pokazala, da so devizne rezerve najpomembnejši sestavni del struktur mednarodnih denarnih rezerv posameznih centralnih bank. Poleg deviznih rezerv je pomembno tudi monetarno zlato, in sicer predvsem za tradicionalna in močna gospodarstva. Rezervna pozicija pri Mednarodnem denarnem skladu in posebne pravice črpanja (SDR) pa imajo manjši pomen v strukturah mednarodnih denarnih rezerv.
Keywords:Mednarodni denarni sistem, Mednarodni denarni sklad, mednarodne denarne rezerve, monetarno zlato, devizne rezerve, rezervna pozicija pri Mednarodnem denarnem skladu, posebne pravice črpanja (SDRs ̶ Special Drawing Rights), mednarodna likvidnost.
Year of publishing:2012
Publisher:[S. Koljić]
Source:Maribor
UDC:339.7
COBISS_ID:11270940 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:TGXYNZ2N
Views:1129
Downloads:134
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Categories:EPF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:INTERNATIONAL MONETARY RESERVES OF CENTRAL BANKS
Abstract:Central banks use the international reserve assets primarily for financing of the balance of payments deficit as well as for the settlement of international payment obligations by a central bank. Furthermore, the international reserve assets are used for elimination and prevention of balance of payment imbalances. In this case, the central banks influence an exchange rate by interfering with a foreign exchange market. Therefore, the possibility of the balance of payment deficit is the main reason for having the international reserve assets. Without them, the central banks would be unable or unwilling to eliminate the deficit with help of the other mechanisms of balance of payment adjustments. The diploma seminar paper deals with international monetary system, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), international liquidity, international reserve assets of Slovenia, and international reserve assets in general. With regards to the international reserve assets, the main focus is on monetary gold, foreign reserve assets, reserve position in the IMF as well as special drawing rights (SDRs). In the empirical part of the diploma seminar paper, it was not possible to conduct a survey or an interview. Therefore, the data included in a research has been found on the websites of particular central banks. In the research, the structure of international reserve assets of central banks has been studied which includes the volume of foreign reserve assets, monetary gold, reserve positions, and special drawing rights. The research has shown that the foreign reserve assets present the most essential part of the structures of international reserve assets of individual central banks. Beside the foreign reserve assets, monetary gold is of great importance as well, mainly for traditional and strong economies. On the other hand, the reserve position in the IMF and the special drawing rights play less important role in the structures of international reserve assets.
Keywords:International monetary system, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), international reserve assets, monetary gold, foreign reserve assets, reserve position in the IMF, special drawing rights (SDRs), international liquidity.


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