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Title:Dejavniki tveganja za nastanek možganske kapi
Authors:Verbančič, Doris (Author)
Lorber, Mateja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Verbancic_Doris_2012.pdf (1,28 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Teoretična izhodišča: V današnjem času zaradi stresnega načina življenja, hitre prehrane, škodljivih navad itd. vse več ljudi oboleva za možgansko-žilnimi boleznimi med katere spada možganska kap in je celo na drugem mestu po številu smrtnosti po svetu. Ljudje kljub pogostosti bolezni in zavedanju škodljivosti dejavnikov tveganja, velikokrat ne naredijo ničesar za svoje zdravje in ravno preventiva je tista, ki je najpomembnejša in izboljša oziroma ohranja človekovo zdravje, s tem se pa zmanjša tveganje za nastanek možganske kapi. Zelo pomembno vlogo v procesu ozaveščanja ima medicinska sestra hkrati pa je nepogrešljiv člen pri obravnavi pacienta po možganski kapi ter pri spodbujanju svojcev k vključevanju v pacientovo rehabilitacijo. Metodologija raziskovanja: Kot raziskovalni instrument smo uporabili anketni vprašalnik, ki je vseboval 24 vprašanj, od tega 4 vprašanja odprtega tipa, 4 polodprtega in 16 vprašanj zaprtega tipa. V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 50 pacientov Zdravstvenega doma Slovenska Bistrica. Z anketo smo želeli predvsem ugotoviti, koliko so anketirani seznanjeni z dejavniki tveganja, znaki in koliko naredijo sami za preventivo. Rezultati: Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da so anketirani dobro seznanjeni z dejavniki tveganja za nastanek možganske kapi. Ugotovili smo, da anketirani ne bi prepoznali znakov možganske kapi saj jih 14 do 16 odstotkov ne bi prepoznalo niti dva znaka možganske kapi. Razvidno je tudi, da anketirani zelo dobro skrbijo za preventivo pred možgansko kapjo saj je večina redno telesno aktivnih prav tako se velika večina zdravo prehranjuje. Sklep: Boljša ozaveščenost in poučenost ljudi o dejavnikih tveganja in o preventivnih ukrepih pred možgansko kapjo bi najverjetneje bistveno spremenila statistiko števila obolelih, prav zaradi tega bi morale zdravstvene organizacije posvetiti veliko več pozornosti preprečevanju možganske kapi, kar pomeni, da bi preventivno delovale pred nastankom srčnih, možganskih in žilnih obolenj.
Keywords:Možgani, možganska kap, dejavniki tveganja, preventiva, rehabilitacija, zdravstvena nega.
Year of publishing:2012
Publisher:[D. Verbančič]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616.831-005.1
COBISS_ID:1824164 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:TYUH3DIP
Views:3039
Downloads:647
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Risk factors for stroke
Abstract:Theoretical backgrounds: Nowadays, due to stressful lifestyles, fast food, harmful habits, etc.. More and more people the disease is cerebral-vascular diseases, which include stroke which is the second highest number of mortality worldwide. When people are aware of the frequency of disease and harmful risk factors often do not do anything for their health and prevention is just one that is most important, and improve or maintain human health, this is it reduces the risk of stroke. Very important role in the process of raising a nurse at the same time an indispensable link in the treatment of patients after stroke and to encourage family members to become involved in patient rehabilitation. Methodology of research: As a research tool, we used a questionnaire, which contained 24 questions, of which 4 were open-ended questions, 4 semi-open and 16 closed questions.The study included 50 patients Health Centre Slovenian Bistrica. With the survey we wanted primarily to determine how many respondents are aware of risk factors, symptoms and how much is done by them for prevention. Results: The results showed that the respondents are familiar with risk factors for stroke. We found that the respondents would not be recognized as signs of a stroke by 14 to 16 percent would not recognize or two signs of a stroke. It is also evident that the respondents very well cared for prophylaxis against stroke as most regularly physically active is also the vast majority of healthy eating. Conclusion: Improved awareness of the risk factors and the preventive measures against stroke is likely to fundamentally change the statistics of the number of patients, which is why World Health Organization should devote much more attention to the prevention of stroke, which means preventive work before the occurrence of heart, brain and vascular diseases.
Keywords:Brain, stroke, risk factors, prevention, rehabilitation, health care.


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