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Title:Osveščenost staršev o nudenju prve pomoči predšolskemu otroku
Authors:Vajs, Janja (Author)
Stričević, Jadranka (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Koželj, Anton (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Vajs_Janja_2012.pdf (1015,69 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Teoretična izhodišča: Otroci so skorajda od rojstva v nenehni nevarnosti, da se jim zgodi nesreča. Buške, praske, urezi, opekline so nenehni spremljevalci odraščanja in tako rekoč ne mine dan brez manjše ali večje poškodbe. Tudi bolezni in nujna stanja niso redkost. Pravilno ukrepanje staršev v takšnih primerih je zato življenjskega pomena. Ukrepi prve pomoči se izvajajo z namenom ohranjanja življenja poškodovanega ali nenadno obolelega, preprečevanja poslabšanja stanja in pospeševanja okrevanja. Starši se morajo tega zavedati in imeti dovolj znanja, da lahko svojemu otroku v nujnih stanjih ustrezno pomagajo. Raziskovalna metodologija: Namen diplomskega dela je predstaviti nujna stanja pri predšolskemu otroku, ter opisati prvo pomoč, ki jo starši nudijo v primeru nujnih stanj in kako poskrbijo za varnost, da ne bi prišlo do poškodbe otroka. Podatke za raziskavo smo pridobili iz anket, kjer smo anketirali 41 staršev otrok iz vrtca Radlje ob Dravi. Anketa je vsebovala 29 vprašanj zaprtega in polodprtega tipa. Podatke smo statistično obdelali in rezultate ponazorili v obliki grafov. Rezultati: Raziskava je pokazala, da je osveščenost staršev o nudenju prve pomoči predšolskega otroka premajhna. Največ znanja primanjkuje pri temeljnih postopkih oživljanja otrok. Tudi starši sami ocenjujejo svoje znanje za slabše in si vsi želijo pridobiti dodatna znanje na to temo. Pokazalo se je tudi, da starši dobro poskrbijo za varnost svojih otrok doma in da so zadovoljni s tem kako za varnost njihovih otrok poskrbijo v vrtcu. Sklep: Ugotavljamo, da je znanje staršev o nudenju prve pomoči predšolskemu otroku, ter o temeljnih postopkih oživljanja otroka premajhno. Zato smo mnenja, da bi bilo potrebno dodatno izobraževanje, tečaji, itd. Za učinkovito pomoč je nujno znanje, ki pa ga je potrebno obnavljati, saj je pri prvi pomoči treba ukrepati naglo, pravilno in v pravem zaporedju. Koristna bi bila tudi predavanja za starše na to tematiko, v vrtcih ter šolah. Mogoče pa bi se tako le uspeli približati zadovoljivim rezultatom in znanju.
Keywords:prva pomoč, nujna stanja, nesreče otrok, osveščenost staršev
Year of publishing:2012
Publisher:[J. Vajs]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616-083.98-053.2
COBISS_ID:1824420 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1583
Downloads:237
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Awareness of parents about the provision of first aid to a pre-school child
Abstract:Theoretical background: Children are almost from birth in constant danger of accident. Scratches, cuts, burns are constant companions of growing up and almost no day passes without minor or major injuries. Even illness and emergencies are not rarely. Proper action of parents in such cases is important. First aid measures are implemented with the aim of preserving life suddenly sick or injured, prevention of deterioration and promote recovery. Parents should be aware of this and have enough knowledge to offer their children an appropriate help in emergency situations. Research metodology: The purpose of the study is to describe a emergency condition of the preschool child, and describe the first aid of parents in the case of emergencies and how to ensure safety to avoid injury to the child. Data for the study were obtained from surveys in which we interviewed 41 parents of children from kindergarten Radlje ob Dravi. The survey contained 29 questions closed and semi-open type. The data were statistically analyzed and the results illustrated in the form of graphs. Results: The study showed that the awareness of parents about the provision of first aid to a preschool child is too small. Most lack of knowledge is in basic child resuscitation procedures. Parents also rated their skills and knowledge poor and they all want to gain more knowledge about this topic. The study also showed that are well caring for their children, s safety at home and they are satisfied with how they are insuring the safety of their children in kindergarden. Conclusion: We find that the knowledge of parents about the provision of first aid to a preschool child and the child's basic resuscitation procedures are too small. Therefore, we believe that it needs to be extra educations, courses, etc. For effective first aid is necessary knowledge, but it has to be renewed, because in the first aid we have to act quickly, correctly and in correct order. It would be also useful to have lectures for parents on this topic, in kindergartens and schools. Maybe this would be enough to be closer to satisfactory results and knowledge.
Keywords:first aid, emergency situations, child accidents, awareness of parents


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