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Title:POZNAVANJE SODOBNIH SMERNIC PRVE POMOČI PRI OTROKU Z ZAPORO DIHALNE POTI Z VIDIKA NEPROFESIONALCEV
Authors:Kozikar, Blažka (Author)
Kegl, Barbara (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Roškar, Zdravko (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Kozikar_Blazka_2012.pdf (2,51 MB)
MD5: 524EC9BAC5572C39CC227A62DBB51739
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Zgodnje prepoznavanje zapore dihalne poti s tujkom je ključno za pravočasno ukrepanje. Smrt zaradi zadušitve je redek vzrok, ki ga je mogoče preprečiti. Pri otoku je pomembno, da odstranimo vse majhne predmete iz dosega rok in ga tako zaščitimo pred morebitno poškodbo ali zadušitvijo. Namen diplomskega dela je ugotoviti raven praktičnega znanja neprofesionalcev o vsebinah sodobnih smernic prve pomoči pri oživljanju otrok v primeru popolne in nepopolne zapore dihalne poti ter opisati zdravstveno-vzgojno delo in naloge medicinske sestre. Metodologija raziskovanja. V raziskavi je uporabljena deskriptivna metoda dela. Teoretična izhodišča smo opredelili s pomočjo analize domače in tuje literature. S pomočjo vprašalnika, ki je zajemal 19 vprašanj odprtega tipa, smo v empiričnem delu izvedli raziskavo. Raziskovalni vzorec je zajemal 100 neprofesionalcev. Rezultati. Na podlagi rezultatov smo ugotovili, da je znanje iz prve pomoči med neprofesionalci zelo nizko. Največ anketirancev, kar 50 % ljudi se je tečaja prve pomoči nazadnje udeležilo pred več kot desetimi leti. 42 % bi dojenčku z delno zaporo dihalne poti pomagalo tako, da bi ga prijelo za noge, ga obrnilo na glavo in udarjalo po ritki. Na vprašanje »kakšno je razmerje pri oživljanju med masažo srca in vdihi« je kar 28 % anketiranih odgovorilo z odgovorom 5:1. Glede na rezultate vidimo, da bi se ljudje morali večkrat udeležiti tečajev prve pomoči in s tem svoje znanje obnavljati in nadgrajevati. Sklep. Večinoma ljudi ne ve kako bi ukrepalo v krizni situaciji. Zapora dihalne poti pri otroku je nevarno stanje, zato je pomembno, da znajo neprofesionalci ukrepati v takšni situaciji. Medicinska sestra je dolžna ljudi učiti, jih zdravstveno vzgajati in osveščati o prvi pomoči pri zapori dihalne poti ter jim tudi svetovati kako se lahko takšnim situaciji izognejo.
Keywords:Ključne besede: prva pomoč, zapora dihalne poti, tujek, otrok, medicinska sestra.
Year of publishing:2012
Publisher:[B. Kozikar]
Source:Maribor
UDC:614.88
COBISS_ID:1816484 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:D2WGXAGI
Views:2029
Downloads:389
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Knowledge of modern first aid guidelines for children with airway obstruction from the view of nonprofessionals
Abstract:Early detection of a respiratory tract obstruction is crucial for taking appropriate and immediate action. Death of suffocation is a rare cause which can be prevented. With children is it important to remove all small objects from their reach and thus protect them from eventual injuries or suffocation. The purpose of this diploma work is to determine the level of nonprofessionals practical knowledge of first aid modern guidelines for resuscitating children in cases of total or partial respiratory tract obstructions and describe the nurses health-educational work and their assignments. Research methodology. A descriptive work method was used in the research. Theoretical starting-points were defined with an analysis of domestic and foreign literature. A query, consisting of 19 open questions, was used in the empiric part of the research. The research sample encompassed 100 nonprofessionals. Results. On the bases of results we determined that first aid knowledge among nonprofessionals is very low. Most of questioned people, as many as 50 %, attended their last first aid class more than ten years ago. 42 % would help a suffocating baby with holding him upside down by the legs and hitting his buttocks. The question "What is the ratio between chest compressions and ventilation?" 28 % answered with 5:1. According to the results, we can determine that people should attend first aid classes more often, renewing and improving their knowledge. Conclusion. Most people do not know how to act in a crisis. A respiratory tract obstruction with children is a dangerous condition, therefore is it crucial that nonprofessionals know which actions to take. It is a nurse's obligation to teach and educate people in the field of the first aid when dealing with respiratory tract obstructions and give counsel on how to avoid such situations.
Keywords:first aid, respiratory tract obstruction, foreign body, child, nurse.


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