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Title:MLC-kinase/phosphatase control of Ca[sup]2+ signal transduction in airway smooth muscles
Authors:Fajmut, Aleš (Author)
Brumen, Milan (Author)
Files:URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.10.005
 
Language:English
Work type:Unknown ()
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FNM - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Abstract:In airway smooth muscles, kinase/phosphatase-dependent phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the myosin light chain (MLC) have been revealed by many authors as important steps in calcium ▫$(Ca^{2+})$▫ signalling pathway from the variation of ▫$Ca^{2+}$▫ concentration in cytosol to the force development. Here, a theoretical analysis of the control action of MLC-kinase (MLCK) and MLC-phosphatase (MLCP) in ▫$Ca^{2+}$▫ signalling is presented and related to the general control principles of these enzymes, which were previously studied by Reinhart Heinrich and his co-workers. The kinetic scheme of the mathematical model considers interactions among ▫$Ca^{2+}$▫, calmodulin (CaM) and MLCK and the well-known 4-state actomyosin latch bridge model, whereby a link between them is accomplished by the conservation relation of all species of MLCK. The mathematical model predicts the magnitude and velocity of isometric force in smooth muscles upon transient biphasic ▫$Ca^{2+}$▫ signal. The properties of signal transduction in the system such as the signalling time, signal duration and signal amplitude, which are reflected in the properties of force developed, are studied by the principles of the metabolic control theory. The analysis of our model predictions confirms as shown by Reinhart Heinrich and his co-workers that MLCK controls the amplitude of signal more than its duration, whereas MLCP controls both. Finally, the simulations of elevated total content of MLCK, a typical feature of bronchial muscles of asthmatic subjects and spontaneously hypertensive rats as well as potentiation of MLCP catalytic activity, are carried out and are discussed in view of an increase in the force magnitude.
Keywords:cells, calcium, calcium oscillations, myosin light chains, enzyme activities, mathematical models
Year of publishing:2008
UDC:539.19
ISSN on article:0022-5193
COBISS_ID:15856392 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:LQOCOLAZ
Views:1176
Downloads:9
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Categories:Misc.
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Journal of theoretical biology
Shortened title:J. theor. biol.
Publisher:Academic Press.
ISSN:0022-5193
COBISS.SI-ID:25806848 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Keywords:biofizika, celične membrane, kalcijeve oscilacije, celice, gladke mišice, signalna transdukcija


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