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Naslov:Gender related differences in visual and auditory processing of verbal and figural tasks
Avtorji:Jaušovec, Norbert (Avtor)
Jaušovec, Ksenija (Avtor)
Datoteke:URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2009.08.093
 
Jezik:Angleški jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Neznano ()
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:FF - Filozofska fakulteta
Opis:The aim of the present study was to investigate gender related differences in brain activity for tasks of verbal and figural content presented in the visual and auditory modality. Thirty male and 30 female respondents solved four tasks while their electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded. Also recorded was the percentage of oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (%StO2) in the respondents' frontal brain areas with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). The main findings of the study can be summarized as follows. (1) Most pronounced differences between males and females were observed for the factor modality-visual/auditory. (2) Gender related differences in neuroelectric brain responses could be observed during the solution of auditory and visual tasks; however, on the behavioral level only for the visual tasks did females display shorter reaction times than males. The ERP amplitudes of the early evoked gamma response, P1, and P3 were higher in females than males, whereas the N4 amplitude was higher in males than females. The differences were more noticeable in the visual modality. The NIRS showed a more bilateral involvement of the frontal brain areas in females as compared with a more left hemispheric frontal activity in males. In the task conditions an increase in right hemispheric activity in females was observed; however, this increase was less pronounced in the visual than the auditory domain, indicating a more lateralized processing of visual stimuli in females. Taken all together the results suggest that the females' visual event-categorization process is more efficient than in males.
Ključne besede:psychology, neuropsychology, brain activities, visual processing, auditory processing, gender, gender differences
Leto izida:2009
UDK:159.95
URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:OLHZVH5V
COBISS_ID:17234952 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
ISSN pri članku:0006-8993
Število ogledov:1043
Število prenosov:31
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Področja:Ostalo
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Brain research
Skrajšan naslov:Brain res.
Založnik:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-8993
COBISS.SI-ID:3223567 Novo okno

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:psihologija, nevropsihologija, možganske aktivnosti, spol, razlike po spolu, miselne naloge, senzorični procesi, vizualno zaznavanje, avditivno zaznavanje


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