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Title:Reasoning and self-awareness from adolescence to middle age : organization and development as a function of education
Authors:ID Demetriou, Andreas (Author)
ID Bakračevič, Karin (Author)
Files:URL http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2008.10.007
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:This study involved four age groups: 13-15-, 23-25-, 33-35-, and 43-45-yr-olds. All adult groups involved persons with university education andpersons with low education. Participants (1) solved tasks addressed to spatial, propositional, and social reasoning, (2) evaluated their own performance and the difficulty of the tasks, and (3) answered an inventory probing their self-concept for these reasoning domains and for self-awareness and self-regulation. Structural modeling revealed that performance, self-evaluation, and self-representation are systematically interrelated. Performance in spatial and propositional reasoning stabilized in early adulthood, whereas in social reasoning and self-evaluation, performance improved throughout the age span studied. Educated persons performed better and rated themselves accordingly across all domains. The implications of these findings for the general theory of intelligence and cognitive developmentafter adolescence are discussed. The functional shift model is proposed to account for changes in the relative power of different abilities with increasing age.
Keywords:education, developmental psychology, cognitive processes, self-awareness, reasoning
Year of publishing:2009
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-35607 New window
ISSN on article:1041-6080
COBISS.SI-ID:16785416 New window
Publication date in DKUM:07.06.2012
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Learning and individual differences
Shortened title:Learn. individ. differ.
Publisher:JAI Press
COBISS.SI-ID:58888704 New window

Secondary language

Keywords:razvojna psihologija, kognitivni procesi, samozavedanje, razumevanje, dojemanje


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