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Title:Analysis of the oxidation of cellulose fibres by titration and XPS
Authors:Fras Zemljič, Lidija (Author)
Johansson, Leena Sisko (Author)
Stenius, Peer (Author)
Laine, Janne (Author)
Stana-Kleinschek, Karin (Author)
Ribitsch, Volker (Author)
Files:URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2005.01.035
 
Language:English
Work type:Unknown ()
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of selective oxidation on the surface properties of cotton cellulose fibres. Four different methods to evaluate the accessibility, nature and content of ionisable acidic groups (charge) in the fibres were applied: potentiometric and conductometric titrations, polyelectrolyte adsorption and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results from this combination of methods show that two processes take place when the oxidation method is applied: elimination of low molecular mass non-cellulosic compounds and formation of new acidic groups in the cellulose chains. Which of these processes is predominating depends on oxidation time, but the first one is initially more important. Polyelectrolyte adsorption and XPS show that the surface concentration of acidic groups is considerably lower than the bulk concentration, i.e. during oxidation the content of carboxyl groups in the surface region decreases, while it increases in amorphous regions. The decrease is due to the dissolution of low molecular weight compounds; the increase is due to the formation of new acidic groups. The use of titration methods in combination with XPS appears to be a very useful tool for identification of the formation and distribution of ionic groups in cotton fibres and their surfaces.
Keywords:textile fibres, cotton fibres, cellulose fibres, oxidation, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, XPS, acid groups in fibres
Year of publishing:2005
UDC:541.183:677.21.016.027.62
ISSN on article:0927-7757
COBISS_ID:9655318 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:E8Y6Q722
Views:1356
Downloads:71
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Categories:Misc.
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Colloids and surfaces
Shortened title:Colloids surf., A Physicochem. eng. asp.
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0927-7757
COBISS.SI-ID:15328517 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Keywords:tekstilna vlakna, bombažna vlakna, celulozna vlakna, oksidacija, kislinske skupine v vlaknih, rentgenska fotoelektronska spektroskopija, XPS


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