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Title:Pomori čebel v Sloveniji leta 2011 : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo
Authors:Žnidaršič, Mihael (Author)
Meško, Gorazd (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Znidarsic_Mihael_2012.pdf (1,04 MB)
MD5: D9C73C9B8412E9856B7DA7540D48C207
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Čebele so pomemben del našega okolja. Brez njihove najpomembnejše vloge, opraševanja, bi najverjetneje ostali brez hrane. Pesticide v kmetijstvu uporabljamo za zaščito rastlin kot zaščitna sredstva pred boleznimi in škodljivci. Ob veliki in nenadzorovani ter nepravilni rabi so lahko usodni tako za rastline in živali kot tudi za zdravje ljudi. Vrsta pesticidov so neonikotinoidi, ki lahko škodljivo vplivajo tudi na žuželke, med katere prištevamo tudi čebele. Pomori čebel v letu 2011 v Sloveniji so bili posledica uporabe neonikotinoidov. Rezultati analiz semen koruze, rastlin oljne ogrščice, cvetnega prahu in mrtvih čebel so pokazali, da je bil vzrok pomora čebel klotianidin, skupaj s součinkovanjem še drugih sredstev za zaščito semen in spleta posebnih okoliščin. V Sloveniji imamo celovito urejeno področje prometa, prodaje in uporabe fitofarmacevtskih sredstev, ki so skladni tudi z zakonodajo in priporočili Evropske unije. Pristojni organi so odgovorni za zagotavljanja varnosti hrane, zaščite živali in ljudi. Njihova naloga je tudi preprečevanje in preventivno delovanje, preden do pomorov čebel sploh pride. Pred letom 2011 smo v Sloveniji, glede na pretekle izkušnje, sprejeli veliko koristnih ukrepov, povezanih z izobraževanjem in seznanjanjem uporabnikov pesticidov, prodajalcev, kmetov in čebelarjev. Kljub temu smo bili leta 2011 priča ponovnemu pomoru čebel. Zavedati se moramo, da je uspešnost ukrepov odvisna od pravilne uporabe in nadzora nad pesticidi. Pomori čebel v letu 2011 so pokazali, da bo potrebno področje uporabe posameznih fitofarmacevtskih sredstev še dodatno urediti in poostriti tudi nadzor nad njihovo uporabo.
Keywords:čebele, čebelarstvo, pomori, pesticidi, fitofarmacevtski pripravki, ekološka kriminaliteta, preprečevanje, ukrepi, diplomske naloge
Year of publishing:2012
Publisher:M. Žnidaršič]
Source:[Ljubljana
UDC:343.3/.7:504
COBISS_ID:2384618 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:IIU10VBN
Views:1919
Downloads:304
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Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:MASS DEATH OF BEES IN SLOVENIA IN 2011
Abstract:Bees are an important part of our environment. Without their most important role of pollination, is likely, that we remain without food. Pesticides are used in agriculture to protect crops, such as protective against diseases and pests. A large, uncontrolled and improper use can be fatal for plants, animals and human health. Types of pesticides are also neonicotinoids, which adversely impact on the insects, which include the bees. Cases of mass collapse of honeybees in year 2011 in Slovenia was the result of the use of neonicotinoids. Results of analyzes of seed maize, plants of oilseed rape, pollens and dead bees showed, that the cause of mass collapses of bees was clothianidin, together with the interaction of some other pesticides for seeds protect and the combination of specific circumstances. Slovenia has comprehensively regulated the field of transport, sale and use of plant protection products, which is also consistent with the law and the recommendations of the European Union. The competent authorities are responsible for ensuring food safety, animal welfare and public health. Their mission is prevention and preventive action, before mass collapse of bees happens. Before 2011, Slovenia, based on past experience, had developed a number of useful measures related to education and awareness of pesticide users, vendors, farmers and beekeepers. However, we have witnessed a renewed mass collapses of bees in 2011. We must realize that the success of the measures depends on the proper use and control of pesticides. Mass collapses of bees in 2011 showed that required scope of individual plant protection products must be further regulate and strengthen the control over their use.
Keywords:plant protection, mass collapse of bees, neonicotinoids, state actions, causes of honeybees mass collapse


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