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Title:PREUČEVANJE IN USTVARJALNO-RAZISKOVALNO DELO NA PODROČJU SPREMLJANJA VREMENSKIH POJAVOV
Authors:Klug, Anita (Author)
Papotnik, Amand (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Klug_Anita_2012.pdf (2,78 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Izziv oz. namen diplomskega dela z naslovom Preučevanje in ustvarjalno-raziskovalno delo na področju spremljanja vremenskih pojavov je bilo ugotoviti predznanje, izkušnje in interes otrok za praktično ustvarjalno delo, v okviru mesečnega projekta obogatitvene dejavnosti v vrtcu Muta, z naslovom Skupaj opazujemo, spoznavamo vreme in ustvarjamo. Težiščni cilji so bili naravnani na ugotavljanje, ali otroci starosti pet do šest let poznajo vremenske pojave in se zavedajo pomena znanja in razlage vremenskih pojavov in v kolikšni meri so otroci te stopnje sposobni razviti idejo za izdelavo pripomočkov (vetrokaz in vremenski koledar - tedenski). S tehniko intervjuja sem ugotavljala ali so vzgojiteljice pripravljene in usposobljene za tovrstno prikazovanje in ustvarjalno-raziskovalno delo z namenom, da pridobimo nove izkušnje in refleksijo na dnevno rutino. V teoretičnem delu sem na osnovi analize in interpretacije strokovne literature predstavila, vreme in vremenske pojave, merilnike oz. pripomočke za spremljanje in beleženje vremenskih pojavov. V empiričnem delu sem predstavila namen, cilje raziskave, raziskovalna vprašanja, hipoteze in metodo zbiranja in obdelave podatkov. Uporabljena je bila kombinirana metoda triangulacije, ki izhaja iz predpostavke, da vsak izmed udeležencev raziskave (vzgojiteljica izvajalka, vzgojiteljica opazovalka ter otroci) vidi in razlaga drugače in se v postopku akcijskega raziskovanja korigira oz. spreminja ravnanje v prid vseh udeležencev. V drugem delu raziskovanja je bila uporabljena kavzalna deskriptivna neeksperimentalna metoda empiričnega raziskovanja s pomočjo intervjuja za strokovne delavke v vrtcu Muta. Predstavljene hipoteze so bile v celoti potrjene. V praktičnem delu so otroci po kriterijih ustvarjalno-raziskovalnega dela sledili projektu, kjer so razvili idejo in izdelali vetrokaz in vremenski koledar. Otroci so spoznavali tehnične predmete in si v procesu na aktivni način razvijali sposobnosti na področju tehnike in tehnologije. Pri aktivnostih projekta v povezavi z izvajanjem projektne naloge so spoznavali pojave na nebu, ter odkrivali vremenske spremembe, ob tem kdaj bodo nastale določene spremembe. Otroci so prepoznavali in uporabljali tehnične predmete in procese, spoznavali njihov namen in pomen, ter v igri ponazarjali njihovo funkcijo in delovanje, se urili v različnih tehničnih opravilih in razvijali tehnično ustvarjalnost. Pri izdelavi izdelka so doživljali delo kot proces za spreminjanje gradiv v koristne izdelke in si razvijali organizacijske sposobnosti.
Keywords:vreme, vremenska karta, vetrokaz, tehnika, ustvarjanje, projektno delo.
Year of publishing:2012
Publisher:[A. Klug]
Source:Maribor
UDC:373.2(043.2)
COBISS_ID:19078408 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:6OLZIIG7
Views:2650
Downloads:189
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Categories:PEF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:STUDY AND CREATIVE RESEARCH WORK IN THE FIELD OF MONITORING WEATHER PHENOMENA
Abstract:The purpose of the thesis entitled Study and creative research work in the field of monitoring weather events was to discover the knowledge, experience and interest of children in practical creative work within the monthly project Together we observe, create and learn about the weather, whose purpose is to enrich the activities in the Muta kindergarten. The main objectives were focused on determining whether children aged five to six years are familiar with weather conditions; furthermore, to ascertain how aware are they of the importance of knowledge and interpretation of weather conditions and, finally, to figure out the extent to which children of this level are able to develop the idea of manufacturing devices (wind indicators and a weekly climatic calendar). Using the technique of interviewing, I identified whether the kindergarten teachers are prepared and trained for this type of presentation and creative research work in order to gain new experience and reflection of the daily routine. The theoretical part presents weather and weather conditions, devices for monitoring and registering weather conditions on the basis of analysis and interpretation of literature. In the empirical part the purpose, research objectives, research questions, hypotheses and methods of collecting and processing data are stated. I have used the method of triangulation which assumes that each of the study participants (kindergarten teacher performer, kindergarten teacher observer and children) sees and interprets it differently; furthermore, the participants correct and change their behavior during the process of action to the benefit of all participants. In the second part of the research a causal descriptive non-experimental method of empirical research has been used. The hypotheses presented were fully confirmed. In the practical part the children were following the project according to the creative-research criteria. They developed the idea and created a wind indicator and a weather calendar. Children were learning about technical subjects and developing skills in engineering and technology. The activities in the project enabled the children to learn about phenomena in the sky and about changes in the weather. Children learnt what certain technical objects and processes were and how they could be used, they learnt about their purpose and meaning and illustrated their function and operation through game, trained in various technical tasks and developed technical creativity. They experienced product manufacturing as a process of changing materials into useful products and during this process they were developing organizational skills.
Keywords:weather, weather maps, wind indicators, technology, creativity, project work.


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