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Title:PTIČI SKADARSKEGA JEZERA, PRILOŽNOST ZA OBMOČJE NATURA 2000
Authors:Cafuta, Jasna (Author)
Janžekovič, Franc (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Cafuta_Jasna_2011.pdf (1,55 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FNM - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Abstract:IZVLEČEK Z diplomsko nalogo smo se dotaknili sobivanja treh med seboj nerazdružljivo prepletenih elementov: ptic, narave in človeka Skadarskega jezera. Nekatere ptice so se v tisočletjih popolnoma prilagodile na človekovo navzočnost in od človeka preoblikovano pokrajino. Na šotnih otokih najdemo eno zadnjih gnezdišč kodrastega pelikana (Pelecanus crispus) na svetu. To je največja in najbolj znamenita ptica tega jezera, Črnogorci so jo uporabili kot zaščitni znak Nacionalnega parka Skadarsko jezero. Prav tako smo opazovali, kako raznolike ptice poseljujejo to čudovito pokrajino, s katerimi bitji se tam srečujejo in kako nanje vpliva človek s svojo močjo spreminjanja okolja. Črna gora je mala dežela, v kateri se skriva neprecenljiv zaklad Skadarsko jezero. Je največje jezero na Balkanu in je pravi ptičji raj. Na in ob njem je bilo opazovanih več kot 300 vrst ptic, veliko jih ima status ogrožene vrste, trajno zaščitenih je 239 vrst. Prav zaradi teh posebnosti smo se v diplomski nalogi odločili poglobiti se v ptičji svet Skadarskega jezera. Raziskovali smo: vpliv onesnaževanja na ekosistem, aktivnosti za vzpostavitev območja Natura 2000, predstavili poslanstvo centra za zaščito ptic (CZIP), varovanje ptic in njihovih habitatov ter spremljali ptičjo favno. Ugotovitve, žal, kažejo, da se število gnezd in raznolikost ptic krči. Upad lahko pripišemo vse pogostejšim industrijskim obratom in posledično večjemu onesnaževanju, nenadzorovanemu turizmu, kmetijstvu, številčnemu lovu, nekoliko ohlapni zakonodaji. Zato je vključevanje Črne gore v območje Natura 2000 še kako pozitivno in dobrodošlo.
Keywords:Ključne besede: ptice, ogroženost, varovanje, Natura 2000, Skadarsko jezero, Črna gora.
Year of publishing:2011
Publisher:[J. Cafuta]
Source:Maribor
UDC:57/59(043.2)
COBISS_ID:18790152 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:QQL7QEE3
Views:1364
Downloads:89
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FNM
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:THE BIRDS OF LAKE SKADAR, AN APPORTUNITY FOR AREAS OF NATURA 2000
Abstract:ABSTRACT In this paper we focused on coexistence of three inseparable intertwined elements at the Lake Skadar: birds, nature and human. Some of the birds have over the millenniums completely adjusted to human presence and transformed landscape. On the peat islands we can find one of the world's last nesting place of the pelican (Dalmatian pelican or Pelecanus crispus), which is the biggest and most famous bird of the lake. The people of Montenegro have labelled it as a mark of the National park Lake Skadar. We also observed the colonization of the various birds in the beautiful landscape, which beings they encounter there and the influence of human changes on the environment. Montenegro is a small country with a unique Lake Skadar, the largest lake in the Balkan Peninsula and a real bird paradise. More than 300 species of birds have been observed there and many of them have a status of endangered species, 239 of them are permanently protected. Due to these reasons we decided to look closely to the birds of Lake Skadar in this paper. We examined the influence of pollution to the ecosystem, the establishment of the Natura 2000, we introduced the purpose of the Centre for protection and research of birds of Montenegro, and we explored the protection of birds, their habitats and the favna. Our findings show that the number of nests and diversity of birds are declining. This could be due to the frequently developing industry and the pollution, unregulated tourism, agriculture, hunting and loose legislation. Therefore, the involvement of Montenegro in the Natura 2000 network is favoured and welcomed.
Keywords:birds, endangerment, protection, Natura 2000, Lake Skadar, Montenegro.


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