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Title:Zdravstveno vzgojni vidik državnega programa zgodnjega odkrivanja predrakavih sprememb materničnega vratu
Authors:Oblonšek, Milena (Author)
Takač, Iztok (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Pajnkihar, Majda (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Oblonsek_Milena_2011.pdf (2,82 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Seznanjenost žensk o državnim programom zgodnjega odkrivanja predrakavih sprememb materničnega vratu (DP ZORA) je prav gotovo povezana z odzivnostjo žensk na preventivni ginekološki pregled. V magistrskem delu je opisan pomen zdravstvene vzgoje pri DP ZORA. Raziskovalna metodologija: V raziskavi so zajete štiri skupine žensk. V prvi skupini je raziskovalni vzorec zajemal 150 žensk, ki so prišle na preventivni ginekološki pregled v dispanzer za ženske Slovenska Bistrica. Uporabljena je bila kvantitativna metodologija. Tehnika zbiranja podatkov je bil anketni vprašalnik, s pomočjo katerega smo ugotavljali seznanjenost žensk o DP ZORA, raku materničnega vratu (RMV) in humanih papiloma virusih (HPV). Druga skupina je zajemala 30 žensk, katerim smo, ob pisnem vabilu DP ZORA, poslali še kratka navodila za pripravo na odvzem brisa materničnega vratu (BMV). V tretji skupini smo pridobili podatke o odzivnosti 100 žensk na prvo in ponovno vabilo DP ZORA. Za četrto skupino smo iz informacijskega sistema za vodenje registra uporabnic Mirena® naključno izbrali 50 žensk. Iz njihovih zdravstvenih kartonov smo pridobili podatke o vnetjih pred in po vstavitvi Mirene®. Podatke smo obdelali s statističnim programom Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) ter jih grafično prikazali s pomočjo programa Microsoft Excel. Rezultati: Kljub temu da je dobra polovica žensk seznanjena z DP ZORA, se jih večina na odvzem BMV ne pripravi pravilno (86 %). Uporabnice Mirene® imajo pogostejša vnetja od žensk z drugo zaščito. Sklep: Ženske so o DP ZORA in HPV slabo seznanjene. Velika večina se jih na pregled ne pripravi pravilno. Pogostejša vnetja so pri uporabnicah Mirene®. Zdravstvena vzgoja je ključna za informiranje žensk o nevarnostih dejavnikov tveganja in zgodnjih znakih za RMV. Ženske je potrebno motivirati za redno udeležbo na preventivne ginekološke preglede.
Keywords:DP ZORA, RMV, HPV, zdravstvena vzgoja, dispanzer za ženske, osveščenost žensk, medicinska sestra, Mirena®
Year of publishing:2011
Publisher:[M. Oblonšek]
Source:Maribor
UDC:618.14-006-07
COBISS_ID:1742756 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:3AYZALLK
Views:2511
Downloads:425
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Health and educational aspects of the national program for the early detection of the precancerous cervical lesions
Abstract:Awareness of women on the national program of early detection of precancerous lesions of the cervix (NP ZORA) is certainly related to the response of women in preventive gynaecological examination. In the Master's work we describe the importance of health education in NP ZORA. Research methodology: The study included four groups of women. In the first group, the research covered a sample of 150 women who came to the preventive gynaecological examination in the dispensary for women Slovenska Bistrica. The applied methodology was quantitative. The technique of data collection was a questionnaire survey through which we assessed women's knowledge of the NP ZORA, cervical cancer and human papilloma virus (HPV). The second group comprised 30 women, to which was sent, next to a written invitation from NP ZORA, a brief guide how to prepare for the withdrawal of cervical smear. In the third group we obtained data on 100 women's response to the first and re-invitation of NP ZORA. For the fourth group were, from the information management system Mirena® registry of user, randomly selected 50 women. From their medical records we obtained information on the inflammation before and after insertion of Mirena®. The data were processed with the statistical program Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and are graphically displayed using Microsoft Excel. Results: Although more than half of women are acquainted with NP ZORA, most of them do not prepare properly for withdrawal of cervical smear (86%). Users of Mirena® have more frequent infections than women with other protection. Conclusion: Women have little knowledge about NP ZORA and about HPV. The vast majority are not prepared properly for the examination. Increased inflammations are present in the case of users of Mirena®. Health education is crucial to inform women about the dangers of risk factors and early signs of the cervical cancer. Women must be motivated to participate regularly in preventive gynaecological examinations.
Keywords:NP ZORA, cervical cancer, HPV, health education, dispensary for women, awareness of women, a nurse, Mirena®


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