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Title:VPLIV RAZLIČNIH NAČINOV OSNOVNE OBDELAVE TAL ZA SETEV KORUZE NA PORABO GORIVA IN ZDRS
Authors:Šbül, Peter (Author)
Stajnko, Denis (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Sbul_Peter_2011.pdf (14,90 MB)
MD5: C1645A15C9A8F063AC2F1DA012932C86
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FKBV - Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Abstract:Nabava novih orodij in strojev za obdelavo tal je za kmetijo velika investicija. Ob vse večjih pritiskih za ekonomičnost pridelave moramo ob obdelavi tal pomisliti tudi na zmanjševanje stroškov, kar lahko dosežemo z manjšo porabo goriva pri konzervirajočem načinu obdelave tal. V diplomskem delu smo proučevali vpliv različnih načinov osnovne obdelave tal za setev koruze na porabo goriva in zdrs, pri tem smo ugotavljali tudi storilnost in vznik. Za poskus, ki smo ga izvedli na urejenem merilnem poligonu na njivi v vasi Skakovci, smo uporabili standardni traktor New Holland T 6020 ELITE, lemežni plug PÖTTINGER SERVO III PLUS in rahljalnik (gruber) UNIA KOS 3.0 B. Povprečna poraba goriva pri oranju je bila 29,23 l/ha, pri obdelavi tal z gruberjem pa 12,09 l/ha. Specifična poraba goriva na hektar je pri obdelavi tal z gruberjem statistično značilno manjša od porabe goriva pri oranju. Povprečen izmerjen zdrs pri oranju je znašal 26,75 %, pri obdelavi tal z gruberjem pa 20,48 % in je statistično značilno manjši za 6,27 %. Pri merjenju storilnosti smo ugotovili, da bi potrebovali za obdelavo površine enega hektarja brez obračanja pri oranju 77,39 min, pri obdelavi z gruberjem pa le 29,29 min. Vznik po setvi koruze v tla obdelana s plugom je znašal 87 %, po setvi koruze v tla obdelana z gruberjem pa 92,64 %. V diplomski nalogi smo ugotovili, da lahko s pravilno izbiro vrste priključka prihranimo precej goriva, časa in s tem našega denarja.
Keywords:obdelava tal, plug, gruber, poraba goriva, zdrs
Year of publishing:2011
Source:Maribor
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:AEP51YIF
Views:2537
Downloads:176
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Categories:FKBV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Influence of different basic soil cultivation techniques for maize sowing on fuel consumption and slipping
Abstract:Acquiring new tools and machines for soil cultivation is a big investment for a farm. With ever greater pressures to farm economically, we have to consider cost reduction. This can be achieved with lower fuel consumption for sustainable manner of soil cultivation. In the diploma, we studied the effect of different techniques of basic soil cultivation for maize sowing, while researching productivity and germination. For the experiment that we executed on a maintained measuring polygon in the village Skakovci, we used a standard New Holland T 6020 ELITE tractor, PÖTINGER SERVO III PLUS mouldboard plough and the UNIA KOS 3.0 B ripper (gruber). The average fuel consumption while ploughing was 29.23 l/ha and 12.09 l/ha while cultivating with gruber. The specific fuel consumption per hectare with gruber statistically reduced when compared to ploughing. The average measured slip while ploughing was 26.75 % and 20.48 % while cultivating with gruber, which means statistic reduction by 6.27 %. While measuring productivity, we have concluded that we would need 77.39 minutes to cultivate one hectare without turning by ploughing, and only 29.29 min by cultivating with gruber,. Germination of maize after ploughing was 87 % and 92.64 % when using gruber. We have concluded in the diploma that, with proper selection of the equipment, we can save a great amount of fuel, time and, consequently, resources.
Keywords:soil cultivation, plough, gruber, fuel consumption, slipping


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