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Title:LIBERALIZACIJA TRGA POŠTNIH STORITEV V EVROPSKI UNIJI
Authors:ID Rajšp, Mateja (Author)
ID Hojnik, Janja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Rajsp_Mateja_2011.pdf (512,35 KB)
MD5: 8FBB77C82C7344B3D1FAEC1A7C3BB649
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/142f6d5d-47a5-4f2a-8721-78bec20caae6
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Diplomska naloga obravnava liberalizacijo trga poštnih storitev v Evropski uniji (v nadaljevanju EU). Poštne storitve zajemajo komunikacijo, oglaševanje in prevoz ter so zato z drugimi prevoznimi, logisticnimi in komunikacijskimi storitvami kljucna panoga za gospodarstvo EU. Poštni sektor je pomemben tudi z vidika zaposlovanja, saj naj bi bilo v njem neposredno ali posredno zaposlenih okoli pet milijonov ljudi. Reforma trga poštnih storitev v EU, ki se je zacela leta 1992 z objavo Zelene knjige o razvoju enotnega trga za poštne storitve, je pomembno vplivala na opravljanje poštnih storitev in na poštni sektor. Tako so že leta 1997 v Evropskem parlamentu in Svetu sprejeli prvo Poštno direktivo, Direktivo 97/67/ES. Omenjena direktiva je prinesla mnogo sprememb, predvsem glede univerzalne poštne storitve, kakovosti storitev in usklajevanja tehnicnih standardov, usklajevanja rezerviranih storitev, dolocanja pristojnosti in obsega državnih regulativnih organov ter tarifnih nacel in racunovodskih izkazov. Poštni direktivi sta sledili še dve njeni razlicici, in sicer Direktiva 2002/39/ES in Direktiva 2008/6/ES. Slednja je dolocila popolno odprtje trga poštnih storitev v vecini držav clanic s 1. januarjem 2011, nekaterim pa omogocila podaljšan rok za popolno odprtje trga do 31. decembra 2012. Direktiva 2008/6/ES je prav tako ukinila možnost financiranja izvajanja univerzalne poštne storitve s pomocjo rezerviranega podrocja. Popolna liberalizacija trga poštnih storitev v EU pa vendarle ne pomeni konca vseh težav, s katerimi se srecujejo evropski poštni operaterji. Najvecjo težavo operaterjem predstavlja mocna konkurenca elektronskih komunikacij, ki v zadnjem obdobju obcutno zmanjšuje kolicino poslanih pisemskih pošiljk. To pa je le ena izmed težav, s katero se srecujejo. S kakšnimi negativnimi ucinki Direktive 2008/6/ES se bodo v prihodnosti še srecevali, lahko tako samo predvidevamo.
Keywords:Kljucne besede: Evropska unija, liberalizacija, notranji trg, poštni sektor, Poštna direktiva, univerzalna poštna storitev, Direktiva 2002/39/ES, Direktiva 2008/6/ES
Year of publishing:2011
Publisher:[M. Rajšp]
Source:Maribor
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-20491 New window
UDC:34(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:4266539 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:XCKKDJVS
Publication date in DKUM:30.09.2011
Views:2574
Downloads:337
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:LIBERALIZATION OF POSTAL SERVICES MARKET IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
Abstract:SUMMARY A theme of this diploma paper is the liberalisation of the postal services market in the European Union. At the crossroads between communications, advertising and transport, postal services are, together with other transport, logistics and communication services, the main branch for the European Union economy. Postal sector is also important in terms of employment, because it would directly or indirectly employ about five million people. The European Union postal reform which started in 1992 with the publication of the Green Paper on the development of the single market for postal services had a very significant impact on the provision of postal services and the postal sector. In 1997 the European Parliament and the Council adopted the first Postal directive, Directive 97/67/EC. The directive has brought many changes, especially in the regulation of the universal postal service, minimum quality, the harmonisation of the reserved area, tariffs and transparency of accounts and the range of the national regulatory authority. In 2002 the European Parliament and the Council adopted Directive 2002/39/EC. The last directive adopted in the postal services market is Directive 2008/6/EC, which defines full market opening of postal services in the majority of Member States by 1 January, 2011. Directive 2008/6/EC also forbids to finance the universal postal service obligation with the use of the reserved area. Full liberalisation of postal services market has not eliminated all the problems of the European postal operators. Every day the postal operators face strong competition of electronic communications, which reduce the amount of mail sent. But this is just one of the negative consequences in the digital age. The postal operators should be prepared to dire consequences, including with their collapse. However, we can not foresee all the negative consequences, which the Directive 2008/6/EC will bring and it is highly likely, that there a lot of changes will be needed to establish a complete internal postal services market.
Keywords:European Union, full liberalisation, internal market, postal sector, Postal directive, universal postal service, competition, Directive 2002/39/EC, Direcitve 2008/6/EC


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