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Title:PRSTI V MARIBORU
Authors:Baraba, Marijana (Author)
Vovk Korže, Ana (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Baraba_Marijana_2011.pdf (2,10 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Diplomsko delo obravnava značilnosti prsti v Mariboru. O značilnostih prsti in njenem nastanku je bilo do danes raziskanega ţe veliko. Smer pedogeografije, ki se ukvarja z nastankom, razvojem in pomenom prsti v mestu, je kot veda in znanost mlada. V Sloveniji se komaj razvija, zato je bila večina uporabljenih gradiv o mestnih prsteh v angleškem jeziku. V teoretičnem delu smo preučevali razvoj mestnih prsti, njihov pomen in funkcije ter same definicije pojma mestne oz. urbane prsti in sorodnih pojmov. Eden prvih, ki je definiral pojem mestnih prsti je, Bockheim. Definiral jih je kot ''Prst, ki jo sestavlja neagrarni, umetno ustvarjen površinski sloj, debel več kot 50 cm in je nastal kot posledica mešanja, polnjenja ali onesnaţevanja površja v mestnem in obmestnem okolju.'' (Craul, 1985). Definicij pa tudi klasifikacij mestnih prsti je več, zato smo v diplomi povzeli različne klasifikacije in poimenovanja. Z diplomskim delom smo ţeleli poleg teoretične obravnave mestnih prsti ugotoviti oz. raziskati, kolikšen je vpliv človeka in človeških dejavnosti na prsti v Mariboru. Empirični del naloge zajema terensko delo (odvzem vzorcev prsti s svedrom in vzorčenje prsti) in laboratorijsko delo (določanje fizikalnih in kemijskih lastnosti vzorcev prsti). Za analizo profilov prsti v mestu smo določili pet po rabi tal različnih lokacij in pri vsaki odvzeli dva vzorca na dveh različnih globinah (cca. na 10 in na 20 cm). Z analizo vzorcev smo dobili fizikalne in kemijske značilnosti prsti na teh petih lokacijah v Mariboru. Na podlagi rezultatov smo nato povzeli skupne značilnosti prsti v Mariboru. O vplivu človeka na prsti iz teh rezultatov nismo mogli neposredno sklepati, zato smo vpliv človeka določili glede na vrsto skeleta in glede na lokacijo.
Keywords:Značilnosti, funkcije in pomen prsti, mestne prsti, antropogene prsti, Maribor, Slovenija
Year of publishing:2011
Publisher:[M. Baraba]
Source:Maribor
UDC:91(043.2)
COBISS_ID:18723848 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:ANLLK7A7
Views:2917
Downloads:489
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Categories:FF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:SOILS IN MARIBOR
Abstract:The diploma addresses characteristics of soils in Maribor. Soil characteristics and its beginnings have been thoroughly researched in the past. Pedogeography as science which addresses formation, development and importance of soil in the city, is fairly new. In Slovenia, research is just in development and that is why majority of used literature regarding city soils was in English language. In the theoretical part, we studied development of city soils, their meaning and functions and the term “city soil”, along with other related notions. One of the first researchers who defined the notion “city soil” is Bockheim. He defined city soil as “Soil, consisted of non-agrarian, artificially created surface layer, more than 50 cm thick and created as a consequence of mixture, filling, or polluting an area in urban and suburban environment.” There are several definitions and classifications of city soils which were considered in the diploma. With the diploma we aimed, next to theoretical examination of city soils, to define or research the level of influence of people and human activities on soils in Maribor. The empirical part of the diploma consists of field work (sample retrieval and soil sampling) and laboratory work (determining physical and chemical characteristics of samples). For profile analysis of the soil, we selected five land use-based locations, and we took two samples from different depths (ca. 10 cm and 20 cm) on each location. By analyzing these samples, we acquired physical and chemical characteristics of soils in Maribor. Based on analysis results, we summarized the common characteristics. Human influence could not be determined directly from these results; that is the reason why we determined human influence on soil based on type of soil particles and on location.
Keywords:Characteristics, functions and importance of soils, urban soils, antrosols, Maribor, Slovenia


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