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Title:Etičnost in darovanje organov
Authors:Vidrih, Manuela Claudia (Author)
Pišlar, Milena (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Kraljić, Suzana (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Vidrih_Manuela_Claudia_2011.pdf (3,77 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:V diplomskem delu smo opisali transplantacijsko dejavnost in glede na to, da nenehno in povsod primanjkuje dovolj človeških organov in tkiv za presajanje, smo z raziskavo ugotavljali tudi opredeljenost ljudi za posmrtno darovanje. Natančneje je opredeljen pojem etike, saj se pri transplantacijski dejavnosti porajajo številna etična vprašanja. Ob tem je predstavljeno še etično načelo avtonomije, ki daje posamezniku pravico, da sam odloča o sebi. Posebno poglavje je namenjeno tudi predstavitvi zakonske podlage za darovanje organov. V empiričnem delu pa so predstavljeni rezultati raziskave, ki smo jo izvedli v Univerzitetnem Kliničnem centru Ljubljana - Interna klinika decembra 2010. Razdelili smo 100 anonimnih anketnih vprašalnikov, od tega 50 med zdravstvene delavce in 50 tistim, ki ne delajo kot zdravstveni delavci. Z vprašalnikom, ki je vseboval 15 vprašanj zaprtega in polodprtega tipa, smo želeli ugotoviti, ali je pripravljenost za posmrtno darovanje med zdravstvenimi delavci večje kot med tistimi, ki niso zdravstveni delavci; kateri so glavni razlogi proti odločitvi za darovanje organov in ali vera vpliva pri odločitvi o posmrtnem darovanju organov. Rezultati so med drugim pokazali, da so zdravstveni delavci manj pripravljeni za darovanje organov, saj bi se za to odločilo 67 % zdravstvenih delavcev in 73 % anketirancev, ki niso zaposleni kot zdravstveni delavci. Izkazalo se je tudi, da informiranost le delno vpliva na darovanje organov; na odločitev o posmrtnem darovanju pa vpliva vera, in sicer so verni ljudje manj pripravljeni postati darovalci. Ne nazadnje pa je raziskava še pokazala, da večina meni, da je odločitev o morebitnem posmrtnem darovanju stvar vsakega posameznika.
Keywords:transplantacija, darovanje organov, etičnost, možganska smrt, avtonomija
Year of publishing:2011
Publisher:[M. C. Vidrih]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616-089.843:17
COBISS_ID:1708708 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:Q7I7Q1ZT
Views:2742
Downloads:591
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Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Ethics and organ donation
Abstract:This paper work presents the transplantation activity and regarding the fact that there are not enough human organs and tissues for transplantation, we also tried to find out what people think about post-mortem donation. The concept of ethics is precisely described because this transplantation activity brings out many ethical issues. We also presented the ethical concept of autonomy where a person has the right to decide for himself. A special chapter is dedicated to a presentation of legal basis for organ donation. The empirical part presents the results of the research carried out in the University Medical Centre Ljubljana – Internal clinic in December 2010. We distributed 100 anonymous questionnaires, 50 of them among medical stuff and 50 to those who do not work in medical service. With these questionnaires, which contained 15 closed and semi-closed questions, we tried to establish if medical stuff was more open to post-mortem donation then other no-medical people; what were the main reasons against the decision for organ donation and what was the influence of the religion. According to the results, the medical stuff is less willing to donate organs, namely 67% of medical stuff would donate and 73% of non-medical stuff. We also discovered that being well informed is not really a deciding fact when donating organs, whereas religion has an influence and religious people are not so willing to become donators. The research also showed that most of the people thought that a decision about post-mortem donation is strictly personal.
Keywords:transplantation, organ donation, ethics, cerebral death, autonomy.


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