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Naslov:UČINEK OSEMTEDENSKE AEROBNE VADBE PLAVALCEV V STAROSTI OD PETNAJSTEGA DO OSEMNAJSTEGA LETA
Avtorji:Majhen, Domen (Avtor)
Mancevič, Dimitrij (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Datoteke:.pdf VS_Majhen_Domen_2011.pdf (1,24 MB)
 
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo (m5)
Organizacija:PEF - Pedagoška fakulteta
Opis:Plavanje je predvsem aerobni šport. Vadba vzdržljivosti ima v plavanju velik pomen, saj so tekmovalne discipline, (z izjemo 50 metrskih disciplin) in s tem napori, daljši od 30 sekund. Z daljšanjem tekmovalnih razdalj so vedno bolj prisotni aerobni energijski procesi. Proces treninga je sestavljen iz treh faz: planiranje, izvajanje in vodenje procesa treninga ter nadzor. Testirani plavalci so opravili 15-tedenski makrocikel, ki smo ga razdelili na 5 mezociklov. Merjenja in napredek smo spremljali v obdobju bazičnega mezocikla in mezocikla specialnega treninga. Bazični ali osnovni mezocikel treninga je trajal pet tednov in sicer od 27. 9. 2010 do 31. 10. 2010. Med bazičnim ali osnovnim mezociklom treninga so plavalci in plavalke odplavali od 254 do 276 kilometrov. Glavne naloge vadbe med bazičnim ali osnovnim mezociklom so bile razvijanje aerobne kapacitete, razvijanje aerobne moči, izboljšanje najmanj dveh plavalnih tehnik ter izboljšanje splošne moči in gibljivosti. Nadaljevali smo z mezociklom specialnega treninga, ki je trajal tri tedne, in sicer od 1. 11. 2010 do 21. 11. 2010. Med mezociklom specialnega treninga so plavalci in plavalke odplavali od 144 do 158 kilometrov. Glavne naloge vadbe med mezociklom specialnega treninga so bile razvijanje specialne vzdržljivosti, ohranjanje visoke stopnje aerobne vzdržljivosti, trening aerobne moči, trening maksimalne hitrosti, izboljšanje tehnike plavanja pri večji hitrosti, ohranjanje in razvijanje hitrosti plavanja ter razvijanje psihološke tolerance na monoton aerobni trening. Skupaj so v obdobju testiranj plavalci in plavalke odplavali od 398 do 434 kilometrov. S tem mezociklom smo končali s testiranji. Vsi treningi in testi merjenja, z izjemo antropometrije, so bili opravljeni v 50-metrskem bazenu na kopališču Kodeljevo. Plavalci in plavalke so v času celotnega makrocikla tedensko opravljali 9 treningov v vodi in 3 treninge na suhem. V nalogi smo ugotavljali, ali obstajajo statistično značilne razlike pri nekaterih fizioloških, tehničnih in antropometrijskih parametrih, izmerjenih v obdobju 8 tednov vadbe (od 27. 9. 2010 do 22. 11. 2010) pri skupini šestih plavalcev in plavalk. Pri vadbi in merjenjih so sodelovali trije plavalci in tri plavalke. Vsi merjenci in merjenke so bili med najboljšimi slovenskimi plavalci in plavalkami v svoji kategoriji. Stari so bili med 15 in 18 let. Na testiranja so prišli prostovoljno in na lastno odgovornost. Pri testiranjih so mi pomagali trenerji nekaterih merjencev, pri antropometriji in sestavi telesa pa medicinska sestra s Fakultete za šport v Ljubljani. Z merjenci smo opravili naslednje teste: 1. stopnjevani test za določitev laktatnega praga in anaerobnega praga po kriteriju OBLA, ki se uporablja za kriterij praga LA 4mmol/l, smo v obdobju 8 tednov izvedli petkrat (27. 9. 2010, 11. 10. 2010, 25. 10. 2010, 8. 11. 2010 in 22. 11. 2010); 2. test določanja kritične hitrosti smo izvedli petkrat ob enakih datumih vedno na začetku tedenskega mikrocikla v obdobju 8 tednov; 3. izmero antropometrije in sestave telesa je opravila medicinska sestra s Fakultete za šport, in sicer na začetku testirnega obdobja (29. 9. 2010 in 30. 9. 2010) in na koncu testirnega obdobja (24. 11. 2010 in 25. 11. 2010). Rezultati v raziskavi so pokazali, da so merjenci napredovali v vzdržljivosti: hitrost plavanja na laktatnem pragu, hitrost plavanja na anaerobnem pragu po kriteriju OBLA (Onset of Blood Lactic Acid)) in hitrost plavanja pri kritični hitrosti. Tudi tehnični parametri (frekvenca zavesljajev) in antropometrijski parametri (% mišične mase, % maščobne mase, endomorfna morfološka komponenta) so se izboljšali in prilagodili na vzdržljivostno vadbo. Hitrost plavanja pri kritični hitrosti je višja kot hitrost plavanja na anerobnem pragu po kriterijih OBLA. Najvišja hitrost plavanja na anaerobnem pragu po kriteriju OBLA je bila 1,35 m/s in pri kritični hitrosti 1,39 m/s. Hitrost plavanja na anaerobnem pragu po kriteriju OBLA se je povišala za 5,98 % in pri kritični hitrosti za 4,42 %. Trend
Ključne besede:plavanje, vadba vzdržljivosti, proces treninga
Leto izida:2011
Izvor:Maribor
URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:0CJAYVZX
Število ogledov:2382
Število prenosov:288
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:PEF
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:EFFECTS OF EIGHT WEEKS OF AEROBIC EXERCISE TRAINING ON SWIMMERS AGED 15-18 YEARS
Opis:Swimming is predominantly an aerobic sport. Endurance training is very important in swimming, as competition disciplines, with the exception of 50-metre disciplines, and associated maximum efforts, are longer than 30 seconds. The longer the competition distance, the more aerobic energy processes come into play. The training process includes three stages: training planning, executing and managing the training process, and controlling the training process. Tested swimmers performed a 15-week macrocycle, which was broken down into 5 mesocycles. Measurements and progress were monitored during the base mesocycle and the special training mesocycle. The base or basic training mesocycle lasted 5 weeks, namely from 27 September 2010 to 31 October 2010. During the base or basic training mesocycle, the swimmers swam between 254 and 276 kilometres. The main training objectives during the base mesocycle were developing aerobic capacity, developing aerobic power, improving at least two swimming techniques and improving general strength and mobility. We continued with the special training mesocycle, which lasted three weeks, namely from 1 November 2010 to 21 November 2010. As part of the special training mesocycle, the swimmers swam between 144 and 158 kilometres. The main objectives during the special training mesocycle were developing special endurance, maintaining a high level of aerobic endurance, training aerobic power, training maximal speed, improving swimming techniques at higher speeds, maintaining and developing swimming speed and developing psychological tolerance to monotonous aerobic training. In total, the swimmers completed between 398 and 434 kilometres in the testing period. After completing this cycle, we concluded our testing. All training workouts and measurement tests, with the exception of anthropometry, were completed in a 50-metre pool at the Kodeljevo Swimming Pool. Swimmers completed 9 workouts per week in the water and 3 sessions on dry land over the entire macrocycle. The aim of the paper was to establish whether there are statistically significant differences in certain physiological, technical and anthropometric parameters, measured over 8 weeks of training (from 27 September 2010 to 22 November 2010) in a group of six male and female swimmers. There were three male and three female swimmers taking part in the training and measurements. All of the tested subjects were amongst Slovenia's top swimmers in their respective categories, aged between 15 and 18. They signed up for the testing voluntarily and at their own responsibility. In conducting the testing, I was helped by the coaches of some of the subjects, while a nurse from the Faculty of Sport in Ljubljana assisted me on the section on anthropometry and body composition. The participants were subjected to the following tests: 1. We completed the gradual increased resistance test to determine a lactate threshold and anaerobic threshold according to the OBLA criterion, which is applied for the threshold criterion LA 4mmol/l, five times over 8 weeks (27 September 2010, 11 October 2010, 25 October 2010, 8 November 2010 and 22 November 2010). 2. We completed the test of establishing critical speed five times on the same dates, always at the beginning of the weekly micro cycle, over a period of 8 weeks. 3. The anthropometry and body composition measurements was performed by a nurse from the Faculty of Sport, namely at the beginning of the testing period (29 September 2010 and 30 September 2010) and at the end of the testing period (24 November 2010 and 25 November 2010). Results of the research showed that the subjects improved on endurance (speed of swimming at the lactate threshold, speed of swimming at the anaerobic threshold according to the OBLA (Onset of Blood Lactic Acid)) criterion, and speed of swimming at critical speed). Technical parameters (stroke frequency) and anthropometric parameters (% muscle mass, % fat mass, endomorphic morphological compoenent) were also improved and adapted to endurance training. The speed of swimming at
Ključne besede:swimming, endurance training, training process


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