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Title:POVEZANOST ANTROPOMETRIČNIH RAZSEŽNOSTI S SPOLOM, STAROSTJO IN STRATUMOM OTROK
Authors:Hren, Manja (Author)
Planinšec, Jurij (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Matejek, Črtomir (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf UNI_Hren_Manja_2010.pdf (1,18 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti, ali obstaja povezanost med telesnimi merami otrok glede na spol, starost in bivalno okolje. Raziskava je bila opravljena na vzorcu 630 otrok, starih od 9 do 11 let. Od tega je bilo 311 dečkov in 319 deklic. V raziskavo so bili zajeti mestni, primestni in podeželski otroci, ki so v tem času obiskovali OŠ Cirkulane — Zavrč, OŠ Markovci, OŠ Laporje, OŠ Šmarje pri Jelšah ter OŠ Franca Rozmana Staneta in OŠ Toneta Čufarja v Mariboru. Telesne mere otrok so bile izmerjene z uporabo antropometričnega instrumentarija, za meritve deleža maščevja, brezmaščobne mase in vode pa je bil uporabljen analizator sestave telesa Maltron BF-907. Za ugotavljanje razlik med posameznimi spremenljivkami telesnih mer glede na bivalno okolje je bila uporabljena analiza variance (ANOVA). Statistično značilne razlike smo ugotavljali na ravni tveganja 0,05 (p≤0,05). Rezultati kažejo, da med dečki, starimi devet, deset in enajst let, v telesnih merah ni statistično pomembnih razlik glede na bivalno okolje (mesto, primestje, podeželje). Prav nasprotno pa obstajajo statistično značilne razlike v telesni višini in kožni gubi med mestnimi, primestnimi in podeželskimi dekleti. Primestne devetletnice so višje od podeželskih vrstnic in imajo večjo debelino kožne gube od mestnih vrstnic. Mestne desetletnice so višje in imajo manjšo debelino kožne gube kot primestne vrstnice. Med enajstletnimi dekleti so primestne višje od podeželskih vrstnic. Ugotavljamo, da razlike v telesnih merah med otroki iz različnih bivalnih okolij niso izrazite, zato je mogoče sklepati, da različna bivalna okolja ne pomenijo nujno tudi razlik v telesnih merah med otroki iz teh okolij.
Keywords:telesni razvoj, bivalno okolje, maščevje, debelina kožne gube, telesna višina, osnovna šola
Year of publishing:2010
Publisher:[M. Hren]
Source:Kokarje
UDC:796(043.2)
COBISS_ID:18049800 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:OVGAIUJI
Views:1686
Downloads:127
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:THE RELATION OF ANTHROPOMETRIC DIMENSIONS TO CHILDREN'S GENDER, AGE AND STRATUM
Abstract:The aim of our research was to establish whether there is a correlation between the body measurements of children according to gender, age and living environment. The research is based on the pattern of 630 children, ageing from 9 to 11. Among them there were 311 boys and 319 girls. It included urban, suburban and rural children from the following elementary schools: OŠ Cirkulane – Zavrč, OŠ Markovci, OŠ Laporje, OŠ Šmarje pri Jelšah and OŠ Franc Rozman Staneta and OŠ Toneta Čufarja in Maribor. The children’s body measurements were gained with the use of anthropometric equipment, for the measurements of body fat, fat free body mass and water we used the Maltron BF-907 body composition analyzer. To determine differences between individual variables of body measurements according to the living environment has been used analysis of variance (ANOVA). To define the correlation of the individual body measurements we used the regression analysis. The statistically important differences were determined on the risk level of 0, 05 (p ≤0, 05). The results show that among boys, aged nine, ten and eleven years in body measurements, there is no statistically significant differences in living environment (urban, suburb, rural). In contrast, statistically significant differences are in height and skin fold between urban, suburban and rural girls. Suburban nine year girls are higher than rural peers and have smaller thickness of skin fold as urban peers. Urban ten year girls are higher and have smaller skin fold thickness as suburban peers. Among the eleven year girls suburban are higher than rural peers. We find that differences in body measurements between children from different living environments are not marked, so we can conclude that the various habitats does not necessarily mean differences in body measurements between children from these environments.
Keywords:physical growth, living environment, body fat, skin fold, body height, elementary school


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