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Title:Veljavnosti napovedi hitrih testov za povečano tveganje zloma kolka pri starostniku
Authors:Hostnik, Bernarda (Author)
Komadina, Radko (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Pajnkihar, Majda (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Hostnik_Bernarda_2010.pdf (1,22 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Osteoporoza je sistemska skeletna bolezen, za katero je značilna znižana mineralno kostna gostota in s tem posledično povečana lomljivost kosti. Pri starostnikih z osteoporozo zlomi zato nastajajo že pri manjših poškodbah, kot je v primeru padca iz stojne višine. V razvitem svetu število starostnikov z osteoporozo in število zlomov zaradi nje strmo narašča. Osteoporoza in z njo povezani zlomi predstavljajo velik ekonomski problem razvitih družb. Z raziskavo v magistrski nalogi smo želeli ugotoviti, ali obstaja povezava med dejavniki tveganja za osteoporozo in verjetnostjo zloma kolka. Prav tako smo želeli ugotoviti, ali imajo trije naključno izbrani vprašalniki preko spletne strani napovedno vrednost za oceno tveganja za zlom kolka pri starostnikih. Raziskovalna metodologija. V raziskavi je bila uporabljena kvantitativna metodologija. Za kvantitativne podatke je bil uporabljen program SPSS, s pomočjo katerega je bila izvedena statistična analiza podatkov (deskriptivna analiza, Hi² test, Cramerjev koeficient). Raziskovalni vzorec je zajemal 80 starostnikov, ki so bili hospitalizirani na travmatološkem oddelku splošne bolnišnice. Podatke smo pridobili s tehniko zbiranja iz treh različnih anketnih vprašalnikov. Rezultati. Trije izbrani vprašalniki preko spletne strani imajo zadovoljivo napovedno vrednost za zlom kolka in nastanka osteoporoze pri starostnikih. Sklep. Starostniki, ki so bolje informirani in bolje poučeni, se bolj zanimajo za svoje zdravje, jim ni vseeno za zdravje. Osveščenost starostnikov je nujna, kar je dobra pot za ohranitev zdravja. S tem se zagotavlja boljša kakovost življenja.
Keywords:starostnik, osteoporoza, zlom kolka, dejavniki tveganja, medicinska sestra
Year of publishing:2010
Publisher:[B. Hostnik]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616-053.9:616.7
COBISS_ID:1630628 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:WZHIR1RW
Views:3324
Downloads:593
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The Prediction Value of Quick Tests for Asessing the Fragility Hip Fracture Risk at Elderly People
Abstract:Osteoporosis is a systemic metabolic bone disease with low bone mineral density and enlarged bone fragility. A typical fracture mechanism is a fall from the standing height. Because of ageing crisis the prevalence of fragility osteoporotic fractures is growing exponentially and the financial burden is growing in the same dynamic. Our task was to search the relationship between main risk factors of osteoporosis and risk for hip fracture. Methods. Three different questionnaires from the websites were given to patients with fresh hip fracture to test their reliability. The statistics analysis was performed with the SPSS software. The sample consists of 80 eldery patients, who filled out given questionnaires. Results. Our results confirmed the good predicting value of the tests for predicting osteoporosis, falls, and fractures. Discussion. The questionnaires are able to raise the awareness of the elderly patients of their health status, fall prediction, and to raise the quality of their life.
Keywords:elderly patient, osteoporosis, hip fracture, risk factors, nurse


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