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Title:Modeliranje fantomov za preverjanje ultrazvočnega aparata in njihova uporaba v simulacijah
Authors:Fijačko, Nino (Author)
Križmarić, Miljenko (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Skalicky, Marjan (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Fijacko_Nino_2010.pdf (6,47 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:V diplomskem delu smo modelirali fantome, ki bi služili kot orodje za preverjanje ultrazvočnega (UZ) aparata in za simulacijo nastavljanja perifernega intravenskega dostopa z UZ vodenjem. Namen diplomskega dela je bil poiskati cenene materiale, ki bi po ehogenosti ustrezali realnim ultrazvočnim posnetkom. Iz materialov smo izdelali fantome, ki omogočajo prehod zvoka, kar simulira realno človeško tkivo. Osredotočili smo se na preverjanje funkcionalnosti tako klasičnega kot tudi endoskopskega UZ aparata. V raziskavi smo uporabljali prenosni UZ aparat NanoMaxx proizvajalca SonoSite in endoskopski UZ aparat proizvajalca Olympus EU-M20. Ustreznost modelov smo pokazali z materiali želatine, vode, agarja in gel-voska. Znotraj modelov smo za simulacijo anatomskih struktur uporabljali naravne in umetne materiale, njihove ultrazvočne karakteristike pa v diplomskem delu podrobno opišemo. Rezultati modeliranja so pokazali, da modeli ustrezajo realnim ultrazvočnim slikam in da so ustrezno orodje za učenje s simulacijami. Slabosti naših modelov so njihova obstojnost, saj se s časom razgrajujejo. Modele lahko uporabimo za pridobivanje veščin na področju urjenja vstavljanja venskih kanil vodenih z UZ in za preverjanje delovanja UZ.
Keywords:modeliranje, simulacije, fantomi, preverjanje, ultrazvok, endoskopski ultrazvok, periferni i.v. dostop z UZ vodenjem
Year of publishing:2010
Publisher:[N. Fijačko]
Source:Maribor
UDC:004.94:61
COBISS_ID:1631652 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:TYEYZ48G
Views:1832
Downloads:205
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Modeling of phantoms for ultrasound device evaluation and their application in simulations
Abstract:This thesis focuses on modelling phantoms, which could serve as a tool for testing and evaluation of ultrasound (US) devices and for simulation of US-guided peripheral intravenous access. The purpose of this thesis was to find inexpensive materials, whose echogenicity would correspond to actual ultrasound images. From various materials we built phantoms that enable the passage of sound and that have properties similar to real human tissue. We focused on testing and evaluating the functionality of classic and endoscopic US devices. In our research, we used the portable ultrasound device NanoMaxx by Sonosite and the endoscopic ultrasound device by Olympus EU-M20. We tested the adequacy of models made of gelatine, water, agar and gel wax. For simulation of anatomical structures within the models, we used natural and artificial materials and their ultrasound qualities are described in detail in the thesis. Modelling results have shown that models correspond to actual ultrasound images and that they are an adequate tool for learning through simulation. The main weakness of our models is their durability, as they tend to degrade with the course of time. The models can be used for acquiring skills in inserting US-guided cannulas into veins and for testing the performance of US devices.
Keywords:modeling, simulation, phantoms, evaluation, ultrasound, endoscopic ultrasound, US-guided peripheral i.v. access


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