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Title:PREŽIVNINA IN NJENO UVELJAVLJANJE PO UREDBI O PREŽIVNINAH
Authors:Orešnik, Urška (Author)
Kraljić, Suzana (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Repas, Martina (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf UNI_Oresnik_Urska_2010.pdf (377,80 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Diplomsko delo je namenjeno ugotavljanju možnosti, ki se upravičencem ponujajo ob neplačilu preživnine, kot zneska, ki predstavlja vse tisto, kar je nekdo pravno dolžan nameniti za potrebno preživljanje bodisi otrok, staršev, zakonca, idr. Preživljanje ali alimentacija je ustanova družinskega prava, ki temelji na enem od osnovnih načel družinskega prava, na načelu vzajemne pomoči med člani družine oz. na načelu družinske solidarnosti. Zato se problem neplačila preživnin največkrat pojavi v družinah, kjer so vezi razrahljane in ni trdnih, družinskih vrednot. Pravila, ki določajo preživnine in same pravice, ki izhajajo iz njih so razpršena v številnih pravnih aktih. Posledično je uspešnost hitre izterjave preživnine odvisna od poznavanja prava na tem področju saj se razsežnost bistveno poveča, ko se vključi še mednarodni element (npr. zavezanec se preseli ali živi v drugi državi). Upravičenci do preživnine imajo na razpolago več postopkov s katerimi lahko zahtevajo njeno plačilo in ti postopki se med sabo ne izključujejo. Najprej je potreben sodno potrjen dogovor o preživnini ali sodno določena preživnina oz. drug izvršljiv naslov, na podlagi katerega se lahko vloži predlog za izvršbo in/ali kazenska ovadba ter zahtevek za uveljavitev nadomestila preživnine. Najlažjo in najlepšo rešitev za vse vpletene predstavlja dogovor oz. sporazum o preživnini. Zato bi na stopnji svetovanja bilo treba razširiti možnosti in vključiti poleg Centrov za socialno delo, še zakonske in družinske terapevte ter pravne svetovalce.
Keywords:preživnina, preživljanje, družina, otroci, starši, zakonec, zunajzakonska skupnost, registrirana skupnost istospolnih partnerjev, neplačilo preživnine, izvršilni postopek, izvršilna sredstva, kazenski postopek, kaznivo dejanje, nadomestilo preživnine, mednarodni element, mednarodno uveljavljanje preživnine, priznanje sodnih odločb
Year of publishing:2010
Publisher:[U. Orešnik]
Source:Maribor
UDC:34(043.2)
COBISS_ID:4122667 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:A4JDCY89
Views:2407
Downloads:458
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Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Maintenance and the enforcement of maintenance in view of Regulation on Maintenance Obligations
Abstract:The thesis examines various options available to claimants when persons liable fail to make maintenance payments which are defined as a sum, constituting all that a person liable is obliged to devote to the maintenance of children, parents or a spouse. Maintenance or alimony is an institution of family law, based on one of the basic principles of family law, on the principle of mutual assistance among family members or on the principle of family solidarity. The problems related to non-payment of maintenance mostly arise in families where family ties are loosened and there are no firmly established family values. The regulations which prescribe maintenance and the rights based on them are scattered in numerous legal acts. Consequently a fast and successful recovery of maintenance depends on the knowledge of regulations in this field of law, especially as the scope of the dispute broadens if a foreign element is involved as well (e.g. the person liable moves to or lives in another country). The claimants of maintenance have several existing procedures to claim the maintenance payments at their disposal. These procedures are not mutually exclusive. The recovery of maintenance payments is based on a court decision regarding an agreement on maintenance or a court decision determining the maintenance payments or any other executory title which is a basis for an application for the enforcement and/or criminal complaint as well as for filing a claim to recover maintenance payments. The easiest and the best solution to all persons involved is an agreement on maintenance. At the level of counselling other options should also be added, apart from Social Work Centres family therapists, marital therapists and legal advisers should be involved as well.
Keywords:maintenance payment, maintenance, family, children, parents, spouse, consensual union, registered same sex partnership, non-payment of maintenance, execution procedure, executory titles, criminal law procedure, criminal offence, maintenance replacement, foreign element, international enforcement of maintenance, recognition of court decisions


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